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US History Reforms

United States History Reform Movements & Legislation STAAR Test

ItemExpansion of Civil & Political
13th Amendment 1865 Abolished Slavery
14th Amendment 1868 Defined Citizenship as Belonging to Anyone Born in the US and Cannot be Taken Away Without Due Process
15th Amendment 1870 Granted Voting Rights to Adult Males
Plessy vs. Ferguson 1896 Supreme Court Case that allowed for "seperate but equal" facilities; reversed by Brown vs. Board of Education
17th Amendment 1913 Allowed for the direct election of senators, increasing public's influence over the governement
Progressive Era Reforms Initiative early 1900's Citizens can introduce new legislation and can propose a new law by petition
Progressive Era Reforms Referendum early 1900's Submitting a proposed public measure or statue to direct popular vote
Progressive Era Reforms Recall early 1900's Public official can be removed from office by popular vote
19th Amendment 1920 Granted right to vote (suffrage) to women
American Indian Citizenship Act 1924 Granted citizenship to all Native Americans born in the United States
Mendez v. Westminster 1946 Federal case in California which challenged racial segregation in schools- segregating Mexican American students is unconstitutional
Desegregation of the Armed Forces 1948 By Executive Order, President Truman ended segregation in the Armed Forces
Delgado v. Bastrop ISD 1948 US Federal District Court ruled segregation of Mexican American students was illegal
Sweatt v. Painter 1950 Supreme Court case stating that the attempt to create a segregated UT Law School was unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause
Brown v. Board of Education 1954 Supreme Court case which ended "separate but equal" ruling from Plessy v. Ferguson; led to desegregation of schools
Henandez v. Texas 1954 Supreme Court case, Mexican Americans & other racial groups have equal protection under the 14th Amendment
Civil Rights Act 1957 Protected voting rights
Civil Rights Act 1964 Abolished racial,religious & sex discrimination by employers
24th Amendment 1964 Ended poll tax
Voting Rights Act 1965 Outlawed poll tax or literacy test in order to eligible to vote
Tinker v Des Moines 1969 Supreme Court case extending 1st amendment rights to students' freedom of speech includes free expression
26th Amendment 1971 Decreased voting age from 21 to 18 in response to draft in Vietnam War
Wisconsin v Yoder 1972 Supreme Court case, Amish children are exempt from compulsory education beyond 8th grade because it violates the parents' right to freedom of religion
White v Regester 1973 Supreme Court ruled Texas redistricting in 1970 was discriminatory against groups in various districts
Edgewood ISD v. Kirby 1993 Texas case ending discrimination against poor school districts; redistributes property taxes equally across the state from richer districts to poorer districts
Popular U.S. History sets




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