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US History Constitut

United States History Constitutional Principles STAAR Test

TermDefinition
Popular Sovereignty "We the People" ; Power rest with the people.
Popular Sovereignty Preamble to Constitution
Popular Sovereignty Barbara Jordan,1974;US House Judiciary Committee,Watergate Hearings."When the Constitution was completed I was not included in the,"We the people,,,But through the process of amendment,interpretation,&court decisions, I have finally been included
Popular Sovereignty Amendment 14(Defines citizen) Amendment 15,19,14,16 (All extend voting)
Republicanism Representative Government
Republicanism In 1787, only one part of government was directly elected-House of Representatives
Republicanism 17th Amendment - Direct election of Senators
Republicanism We do not directly elect Presidents, Vice President (Electoral College) or Judiciary (appointed by President & approved by Senate)
Federalism Power is divided between central government and states.
Federalism Article 1,Section 8-Enumerated powers of national government(currency,foreign affairs,war,etc.)
Federalism 10th Amendment - Reserved powers of the states (Education,Marriage/Divorce,water/sewer/utilities,etc.)
Federalism Article 1, Section 9 & 10 - Powers denied to the national & states or both
Separation of Powers Divides Power of the Government into Three Branches: Executive, Legislative, & Judicial
Separation of Powers Article 1-Legislative-Congress, created first,intended to be the most powerful
Separation of Powers Article II - Executive-Office of the President, fewer,broader powers. Some believe is most powerful today.
Separation of Powers Article III- Judicial-Short,Vague;Only created the Supreme Court, other courts created by Congress
Checks & Balances Each branch is given certain controls over the other branches
Checks & Balances Article I - Congress can impeach,convict, & remove officers of the other branches
Checks & Balances Article I - President can veto any bill
Checks & Balances Article I- Congress controls the money
Checks & Balances Article II - President appoints all Judges
Checks & Balances Article I - Senate must approve US judges & many other executive officers
Checks & Balances Marbury v. Madison, 1803 - Judicial review - Supreme Court can review decisions made for constitutionality
Limited Government Government is not all powerful. Power is limited by the constitution.
Limited Government Bill of Rights
Limited Government 14th Amendment - Due Process "government shall not deny any citizen the privileges or immunities of US citizens, nor deny any person life,liberty, or property without due process of law,nor deny any person the equal protection of the laws"
Limited Government Article VI,Paragraph 2 - Supremacy Clause, the Constitution is the supreme law of the land
Individual Rights Personal Freedoms & Protections, Equality Under the Law
Individual Rights Bill of Rights
 



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