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5thGr Chap 7 L 3+4

5th Grade Chapter 7 Lessons 3 and 4 2013-2014

Key ItemDefinition
Charles Cornwallis He was the British general who led the British campaign in the South. He also set up headquarters at Yorktown for the British to easily receive supplies.
Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley She hauled water to the soldiers on the battlefields and she fired cannons when her husband was injured.
Little Turtle He was a member of the Miami tribe in Indiana and Ohio. He wanted his tribe to fight back against the American settlers pushing into their territory.
Savannah This was where the British first attacked in the South. They chose this town because it was a port city. British captured the town on November 25, 1878.
Guilford Courthouse British and American troops fought here in March 1781. The British were able to hold the ground but both sides suffered many losses. This proved to the British that they could not win because there was no one city was the heart of America.
John Paul Jones "I have not yet begun to fight!" He was an American privateer. His ship the BonHomme Richard defeated the British ship Serapis.
Red Jacket He was part of the Seneca tribe in upstate New York. He warned the leaders of his tribe not to sell their land but they did not listen.
Cowpens It is in this battle of the South that Americans prove they can defeat the British.
Elizabeth Freeman She was a slave in Massachusetts who sued for her freedom. She used the Declaration of Independence as her defense. Elizabeth won her freedom and Massachusetts soon declared slavery illegal.
Northwest Ordinance It set up a system of government for the new territory. After the population reached 60,000 the people could petition for statehood. It recognized freedom of religion and declared slavery illegal in the Northwest Territory.
West Point It is in New York and is now part of the United States Military Academy. Tadeusz Kosciuszko helped design the fort.
Charlestown It was the biggest loss in the south for the Patriots.
Nathanael Greene He led the Continental Army in the South. "We fight, we get beat, we rise and fight again."
Ordinance of 1785 This law divided the land in the Northwest Territory to be divided and sold into sections. Each section was 6 miles wide by 6 miles long. Then it was divided into 36 different sections to be sold.
Yorktown This is the last battle of the American Revolution. George Washington and Patriots troops were helped by the French soldiers and navy. Together they trapped Cornwallis and the British on a peninsula until he surrendered.
Civilian a person who is not in the miltary
Tadeusz Kosciuszko He left Poland to fight in the Continental Army. He helped design West Point.
traitor Someone who acts against his or her own government.
Nathan Hale He was a spy in New York City who pretended to be a Dutch school teacher. He would tell George Washington where the British were in the city. "I regret that I have but only one life to lost for my country."
abolish to end something. Overthrow.
territory Land that belongs to a nation but is not a state and is not represented in the national government.
ordinance a law or set of laws
Benedict Arnold He was a Continental Army officer who later became a traitor and worked for the British. He led the British in attacks on Virginia. He left the Patriots because he felt he was being treated unfairly.
Treaty of Paris of 1783 It happened on September 3, 1783. The British had to recognize the colonies as a new nation. Also all British soldiers on American soil would need to leave. It officially ended the American Revolution.
Abolitionist A person who wanted to end slavery.
Created by: Mrs. Hastings