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1860-1920

QuestionAnswer
Homestead Act enacted 1862, created to encourage people to move west, it would give 160 acres of land to head of household if they would cultivate land for five years
Bureau of Indian Affairs Founded in 1824, in charge of managing the land set aside for native americans.
Dawes Act Enacted 1887, "americanize" native americans by redistributing land to individuals
Populism 18th and early 19th, people wanted more say in government and advance interest in laborers and farmers
Chinese Exclusion Act 1812, prohibited chinese except merchants, students, teachers, and tourists from entering the U.S
Nativism When interest of native born people are favored over foreign born
Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln 1863, proclaimed freedom of slaves in ten states that were in rebellion. 3.1 of 4 million slaves in US applied
Freedmens Bureau 1870, bureau encouraged plantation owners to rebuild plantations, urged blacks to get employed, and encouraged whites and blacks to work together
Fourteenth Ammendment July 6, 1868, addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of laws
Fifteenth Ammendment 1870, prohibits federal and state government from denying a citizen the right to vote based on race, color or servitude
Ku Kux Klan Act 1871, suspend the writ of habeas corpus to combat ku kux klan
US vs Reynolds 1878, polygamy as a defense of criminal prosecution
Edmunds Act 1882, declaring polygamy a felony
Edmunds Tucker Act 1887, passed in response to the dispute between congress and the church. repealed 1978
Morril Act 1862, allowed creation of land grant colleges, major boost to higher education in america, established institutions to educate people.
Timber Culture Act 1873, allowed homesteaders to get another 160 acres of land if they planted trees on one fourth of the land
US vs EC Knight 1894, limited the government power to control monopolies
Interstate Commerce Act 1887, regulate railroad industry "reasonable and just"
Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act 1883, government jobs be awarded on the basis of merit
Frederick Jackson Turner and Frontier Thesis 1893, american democracy was formed by the American frontier, stressed the process the moving frontier line and the impact it had on pioneers
Plessy vs Ferguson 1896, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public segregation "separate but equal"
New Nationalism 1910, government protection of human welfare and property rights
Underwood Simmons Act 1913, re-imposed federal income tax following the ratification of the 16th amendments and lowered tarrif rates from 40-25%
Federal Reserve Act 1913, federal reserve system, central banking system of the USA, and granted legal authority to issue federal reserve notes as U.S dollar
Federal Trade Commission prevevent unfair methods of competition or deceptive acts or practices in affecting commerce
Espionage Act 1917, prohibits interference with military operations or recruitment to prevent insubordination in the military and to prevent the support of US. enemies during the war
Sedition Act 1918, extended espionage to cover prouder range of offenses, notable speech expression of opinion, abusive language against US government, flag, or armed forces, it was repealed 1920
War Industry Board 1917, coordinate purchases of war supplies, eliminate waste by standardized products
Immigration Act 1924, limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 2% of the number of people from that country who were already living in the US.
Created by: 782690200
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