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HTS Test 3 Identific

Ident for test 3 of History, Technology, and Society Course taught by Gambrell

Flintlock muskets Flint scrapes metal and ignites gunpowder. Misfired often. Hard to load. Inaccurate
Brown Bess musket Main standard of flintlock musket. Invented in England in 1682 and lasted until 1842. Misfired often. Hard to load. Inaccurate
Rifle American Independence Used during American independance. More accurate and better range than muskets. Longer loading time. Better trajectory due to spin groove in barrel
Infantry in 18th century Built around flintlock muskets. Inaccurate and unreliable guns. Two-line system. Front row shoots, then back row shoots while front reloads. Fights by rules of what is “gentlemanly”
Cannons in 18th century Changed little since 18th century. Boring mill by John Wilkinson allowed more even holes. Extremely expensive
Ships in 18th century Oak frigates w/ short range cannons. Trying to meet at “T”
Joshua Shaw Percussion cap 1814. Small metal cap that replaces flint and metal. Hammer strikes the cap to ignite the shot. More reliable, easy conversion
Percussion cap Invented by Joshua Shaw 1814. Small metal cap that replaces flint and metal. Hammer strikes the cap to ignite the shot. More reliable, and easy conversion
Cylinder-cone shaped bullet Replaced ball shape. 1823-1850. Bullet expanded while firing. Allowed smaller bullets. Eased loading. Increased range
John Hall Breechloader 1811. Bullet and powder loaded from opposite ends. Issues w/ backlash and loss of propulsion, unpopular w/ soldiers
Breechloader Invented 1811 by John Hall. Bullet and powder loaded from opposite ends. 1859 Christian Sharps produced a satisfactory single-shot breechloader
Horace Smith and Daniel Weston 1858 invented modern self-contained metal bullet cartridge of bullet, powder, and primer
Modern and Total War WWI first example. Using up-to-date technology and have everyone involved in fighting in some capacity
Stalemate Entrenchment w/ concrete bunkers and steel wire. Had to be broken w/ new tech
Airplane 1915 firing by pilot through propeller possible. Led to dogfights and bombing. Makes military debut WWI
Tank Developed by Earnest Swentson 1915. Little more than armored caterpillar tractor w/ guns. Could break stalemate
Created by: bird1111