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MAT philosophy topic

Philosophy Topics to Study for the Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

TermDefinition
empiricism knowledge comes mainly from sensory perception
ethics moral philosophy; concepts of right and wrong
existentialism philosophy based on concept of free will
idealism reality is mentally constructed
logic study and use of reasoning
logical positivism analytic philosophy that combines empiricism and rationalism
neoplatonism mystical philosophy based on teachings of Plato
pragmatism the idea that theory should come from practice
rationalism method that uses deductive reasoning
transcendentalism belief that the spiritual is more important than the material
Aristotle student of Plato; "Poetics"
Francis Bacon Brit
Bradley, Herbert Francis Brit idealist--"Appearance and Reality"
Descartes French--father of modern philosophy; cartesian=him; "I think, therefore I am"
Dewey, John Amer--education and social reform
Gandhi non-violent civil disobedience
Hobbes, Thomas Brit--political philosopher; "Leviathan"
Hume, David Scot--empiricism and skepticism
James, William Amer
Kant, Immanuel German--"Critique of Pure Reason"
Leibnitz, Gottfried German--philosopher and mathematician; optimism
Locke, John Brit--tabula rasa; "An Essay Concerning Human Understanding"
Macchiavelli, Nicolo Italian--The Prince
Marx, Karl Communist Manifesto
Mill, John Stuart Brit--conception of liberty justified the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state control
More, Thomas "Utopia"
Nietzsche, Friedrich German--death of God; Beyond Good and Evil (criticizes past philosophers on their acceptance of religious principles)
Peirce, Charles Sanders Amer--father of Pragmatism
Plato "The Republic"
Rousseau, Jean Jacques Swiss--"The Social Contract"; influenced French Revolution
Schopenhauer, Arthur German--atheist; "The World as Will and Representation"
Smith, Adam "The Wealth of Nations"
Socrates taught Plato
Tzu, Sun The Art of War
Voltaire French--Candide
Created by: Pippin14