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Anatomy2 Exam4 NWHSU

QuestionAnswer
Give the immediate drainage of the following: Right intestinal nodes* cisterna chyli of thoracic duct
Give the immediate drainage of the following: left deep cervical* thoracic duct
Give the immediate drainage of the following: superficial cervical nodes deep cervical nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: upper limb axillary nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: lower limb deep inguinal nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: left bronchial nodes thoracic duct
Give the immediate drainage of the following: deep inguinal nodes external iliac nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: lower umbilical region superficial inguinal nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: superficial nodes of head deep cervical nodes
Give the immediate drainage of the following: right lumbar nodes cisterna chili of thoracic duct
Besides the submandibular (submaxillary) and auricular nodes, name 4 superficial groups of nodes in the head. Parotid, submental, occipital, superficial, cervical
Besides conducting lymph, list 2 different functions of the lymphatic system Immune defense mechanism, absorption and transportation of fats.
Where EXACTLY does the thoracic duct end (as determined by flow)? Into venous system at the junction of L subclavian and L internal jugular vein
Fat-laden lymph Chyle
Define: Spinal Segment A portion of spinal cord to which a spinal nerve attaches
Area of the DIENCEPHALON that contains the pineal glands epithalamus
The fornix is a group of fibers which begins in the hippocampus and terminates on the ______________. mamillary bodies
Group of fibers that connects the medulla and cerebellum. Inferior cerebellar peduncle
The superior and inferior colliculi (corpora quarigemini) are specifically located in the ________ portion of the _________. Tectum of midbrain
Cranial nerve that supplies taste to the anterior 2/3rds of the tongue Facial N
Cerebrospinal fluid flows from the _______ into the ___________ through the medial and lateral apertures. 4th ventrical Subarachnoid space
Portion of the cerebral cortex that is involved in judgment, personality, and emotions. prefrontal cortex
Portion of the medulla where corticospinal fibers are located. pyramids
What type of fibers connect the primary auditory cortex with the auditory association area. association fibers
Thalamic nucleus that sends information to the visual cotex. lateral geniculate boy
*Consider a hemidissection of the right T4 spinal cord. In which area of the body would you expect the following deficits? Pain__ Discriminating Touch____ Voluntary Motor____ A.Right arm B.Left arm C.Right leg D.Left leg Pain-Left leg Disc. Touch-Right leg Voluntary motor-right leg
*Consider a hemidisection of the left T5 spinal cord. In which areas of the body would you expect the following deficits? Pain__ Discriminating Touch____ Voluntary Motor____ A.Right arm B.Left arm C.Right leg D.Left leg Pain-Right leg Disc. Touch-Left leg Voluntary motor-Left leg
*Consider a hemidisection of the left L1 spinal cord. In which areas of the body would you expect the following deficits? Pain__ Discriminating Touch____ Voluntary Motor____ A.Right arm B.Left arm C.Right leg D.Left leg Pain-Right leg Disc. Touch-Left leg Voluntary motor-Right leg
*Consider a lesion in the right internal capsule. What deficits are expected in the left leg? a.pain b.discriminating touch c.voluntary motor control d.no deficits expected pain, discriminating touch, voluntary motor control
*Consider a lesion in the right internal capsule. What SENSORY deficits are expected in the right arm? a.pain b.discriminating touch c.voluntary motor control d.no deficits expected no deficits expected
Where are the neuron cell bodies for the fibers forming fasciculus gracilis? Gracile tubercles
Cranial nerves associated with the pons 5, 6, 7, 8
cranial nerves associated with the medulla 9, 10, 11, 12
Lateral tooth-like extensions of pia mater around the spinal cord; anchors cord to dura. (also- 'the spinal cord is anchored laterally to the dura by the ____') Denticulate ligament
An ovoid nucleus located at teh anterior tip of the tail of the caudate, in the temporal lobe; part of the olfactory and limbic systems (also - 'basal nucleus located at the tail/inferior end of the causdate nucleus') Amygdaloid nucleus
Vascular connective tissue inside the ventricles which forms the cerebrospinal fluid Choroids plexus
Areas 3, 1,2 receive input from the Ventral posterior nucleus of thalamus
Fibers from the inferior colliculus terminate on the __________. medial geniculate
Name the collections of neuron cell bodies for the second order neuron in the general sensory pathways (nuclei or ganglia) nucleus proprius
Cerebrospinal fluid is secreted into the ventricles by _______ and absorbed into the dural venous sinuses through the _______. choroid plexus, arachnoid granulations
Structure that forms/secretes CSF choroid plexus
Name of the sheet of dura mater that separates the cerebellum and cerebrum Tentorium cerebelli
The C8 spinal nerve attaches to the ________ segment of the spinal cord C8
Cranial nerves attached to the midbrain CN3, CN4
Cord of pia mater extending downward from the inferior end of the spinal cord (structure that anchors spinal cord to the coccyx) Filum terminale
SPECIFIC name given to that part of the cerebral peduncle ventral to the substantia nigra Basal Peduncle
Specific portion of midbrain through which corticospinal fibers pass Basal Peduncle
IN the midbrain, corticospinal fibers are located in the _____ (be VERY specific) Basal Peduncle
Name (NOT number) of cranial nerve that supplies the motor to the muscles of mastification Trigeminal
In absorption of cerebrospinal fluid, the fluid moves across the arachnoid granulations from _____ to the _________. Subarachnoid space, dural sinuses
The dural sac extends from _________ to ______. Foramen Magnum 2nd sacral segment
Fibers from the RIGHT nuclei gracilis and cuneatus terminate on the_________. left ventral posterior nucleus of the thalamus
NUCLEUS which sends fibers to area 17 of the cerebral cortex Lateral geniculate body
All fibers terminating on area 17 have their neron cell bodies in the _________. lateral geniculate body
Area 17 receives fibers from ________ lateral geniculate body
Level of the CNS where the nuclei for the oculomotor nerve are located midbrain
Fibers belonging to which general classification connect the primary and association cortices for vision? association fibers
BASAL NUCLEUS that has both limbic and motor function amygdaloid
Specific landmark on spinal cord where the dorsal roots attach Dorsolateral sulcus
Specific name given to that part of midbrain located between the cerebral aqueduct and the substantia nigra. Tegmentum
Area of the DIENCEPHALON that contains the substantia nigra and other motor nuclei. Basal nuclei
Name given to the cord of pia mater running downward from the inferior end of the spinal cord Filum terminale
Cranial nerve that is parasympathetic to the lacrimal gland 7
Fibers of the medial lemniscus terminate on the_____ Ventral Posterior nucleus of thalamus
Part of teh brainstem which contains nuclei gracilis and cuneatus Medulla
The mamillary nucleus is one of the nuclei of the ___________ Hypothalamus
Fibers passing from the thalamus to area 3,1,2 are part of the ________ and are classified as ________ fibers. Internal capsule, projection
The neuron cell bodies of fibers comprising the spinothalmic tract are located in ______. Nucleus proprius
Name given to fiber tract running from the hippocampus to the mammillary bodies Fornix
Group of fibers that connects the pons with the cerebellum Middle cerebellar peduncle
Give the loactions of the inferior colliculis. Do NOT give corpora quadrigemini as your answer. Dorsal surface of midbrain, inferior to superior colliculus, superior to cerebellum
Portion of the diencephalon that contains the pineal gland. epithalamus
General function of the neostriatum Extrapyramidal motor
What type of fiber connects the primary auditory cortex with teh auditory association cortex? Association fibers
In the three neuron pathway for general sensation, the second order neuron from the right side terminates on the _____ (give side and nucleus) Ventral posterior nucleus of the thalamus on the left
When traveling through the medulla, the corticospinal fibers are located in the _______ Pyramids
In the absorption of CSF, the fluid moves across the arachnoid granulations FROM the ________ into the _______. Subarachnoid space into the dural sinus
Cranial nerves attached to the midbrain 3, 4
Major function of the precentral gyrus Primary motor area
The hypoglossal nerve exits the brainstem between which two structures. olive and pyramids
Describe the function of the corpus callosum Connects/carries info between the left and right cerebral hemispheres
What two groups of fibers terminate/synapse in the ventral posterior nucleus of the thalamus? 2nd order spinothalmic fibers 2nd order medial lemniscus
Specific landmark on spinal cord where the ventral roots attach Ventrolateral sulcus
2 Paired bumps located on teh inferior aspect of the DORSAL surface of the midbrain Inferior Colliculi
Specific name given to the pointed inferior end of the spinal cord at or just above L2 Conus Medullaris
Cerebrospinal fluid is produced by _______ and returns to the blood via ______ Choroid plexus, Dural sinuses
The lateral geniculate belongs to which specific area of the CNS? (Be very specific!) malanus within the diencephalon
_____ lobe in which the general sensory association cortex (areas 5 and 7) is located parietal lobe
Motor nucleus that is located in the wall of the lateral ventricle. Caudate nucleus
Midbrain nucleus involved with visual reflexes. Superior colliculus
The primary auditory cortex (areas 41 42) receives fibers from _______. medial geniculate nucleus
Name given to the pieve of dura seperating the right and left cerebral hemispheres Falx Cerebri
Specifically contains ascending ipsilateral sensory fibers (vibration, discriminating touch) from T6 and BELOW. Fasiculus Gracitis
Part of thalamus involved with the auditory pathway. Medial gericulate
ALTERNATE NAME give to the dorsal posterior pons that forms the floor of the 4th ventricle and contains nuclei and tracts Tegmentum
Cranial nerve (name of nubmer) that supplies the sphincter pupillae muscles CN 3
Fibers originating in area 17 and terminating on ipsilateral areas 18 and 19 are categorized as ________ fibers association
The Major commissure corpus collosum
Specific structure(s) by which the cerebrospinal fluid flows from the subarachnoid space into th dural venous sinuses arachnoid villi
Connecst the lateral and third ventricles Interventricular foramina
The fornix runs from the ____ to __________. hippocampus to mammillary nucleus
Extrapyramidal motor nucleus located in the midbrain that is the site of pathology in Parkinsons Substantia nigra
SPECIFIC location of the Primary Somatic Sensory Area Postcentral gyrus
Contains ascending ipsilateral sensory fibers (porprioception, vibration, disc touch) from T6 and above fasciculus cuneatus
Part of the brain that maintains equilibrium, adjusts muscle tone, influences synergy of muscle movement. cerebellum
Name two nuclei that are located in the midbrain. Red nucleus Superior colliculus
Basal nucleus that has both limbic and olfactory function amygdaloid nucleus
Type of fibers connecting the cortex with subcortical areas (the internal capsule would be an example of this type) projection fibers
Created by: T1NWHSU