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MAT Anthropology

Anthropology Topics to Study for the Miller Analogies Test (MAT)

TermDefinition
anthropocentrism (aka humanocentrism) belief that humans are most important creatures in the world
balanced reciprocity exchange of goods in which the value of each good is equal
cultural materialism view that social life is a reaction to the practical problems of mortal life
diffusion spread of ideas
ethnocentrism practice of judging another culture based on your own culture's ideals
focal vocabulary set of words to describe something important to a particular group of people
generalized reciprocity exchange of goods in which the value of each good is not exactly calculated but a fair balance is expected over time
humanism belief that humans are of great value and that science is greater than faith
indigenous native to a specific place
joint family two or more related families living together which are all part of the same extended family
kinesics interpretation of body language and nonverbal communication
Levirate marriage the brother of the deceased man marrying the widow by obligation
linguistic relativity (aka Sapir-Whorf hypothesis) idea that language affects the way its speakers think
negative reciprocity exchange of goods in which each party intends to profit
nomad (aka itinerant) member of society that moves around instead of settling in one place
oligarchy power in society resting only with a few
redistribution altering the distro of goods and wealth based on "scientific" principles
religous cosmology a way of explaining the origin of the universe
structuralism view that each part of a culture cannot be understood without understanding the culture as a whole
Ruth Benedict American--"The Races of Mankind" uses scientific evidence to challenge racism
Franz Boas German-Amer--father of modern anthropology
Clifford Geertz Amer--symbols
Zora Neale Hurston Amer--Harlem Renaissance
Andrey Korotayev Russion--cross-culture studies
Grover Kranz Amer--Bigfoot
Edmund Leach Brit--ethnographic work
Murray Leaf Amer--South Asia
Claude Levi-Strauss French--human traits were the same in all geographic locations
Alan Macfarlane Brit--England, Nepal, Japan, China
Bronislaw Malinowski Polish--participant observation
Marcel Mauss French--significance of gift giving
Margaret Mead Amer--promoted broadening of sexual mores in Western culture
Alfred Radcliffe-Brown Brit--structural functionalism
Gerardo Reichel-Dolmatoff Austrian--tropical rainforest cultures
Created by: Pippin14