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Significant Places

Pullman, Illinois 1880. The archetypical industrial town. Created by George Pullman, an industrialist, just outside of Chicago.
Durham, California 1917. Home to an experimental agricultural colony. Created by the first California State Land Settlement Act.
Norris, Tennessee 1933. Created solely to provide a home for the Norris Dam workers. The Tennessee Valley Authority commissioned the dam.
Salt Lake City, Utah 1868. Was the home of the nation's first department store: Zion's Cooperative Mercantile Institution. Brigham Young founded the ZCMI as a way of reducing the city's dependence on the importation of goods.
Annapolis 1695. Incorporated radial streets and high density development. maryland Governor Francis Nicholson designed the city plan.
Detroit 1807. Detroit was designed as a series of interlocking hexagons as conceived by Judge Oglethorpe. The plan was never completely implemented.
Philadelphia 1600s. Philadelphia was planned initially to include four public squares and a town square, all of which were contained within a rectangular grid. Currently, the public squares are parks.
Riverside, Illinois 1868. Riverside, IL conceived by Frederick Law Olmstead and Calvert Vaux, set the standard for suburban comms in the 20th century. Unlike past suburban comms, which = urban aspects, Riverside = ruralness, gardens, and green spaces. Shuttle system.
Washington D.C. 1710. Incorporated elements of monumental design and radial streets arranged in a gridiron pattern. Piere L'Enfant designed the city plan for Washington D.C.
Savannah, Georgia 1733. Savannah incorporated a central public square. Maes Oglethorpe planned the city plan for Savannah.
Forest HIll Gardens, Long Island, NY 1911. Forest Hill Gardens was planned by Frederick Law Olmstead, Jr. It inspired Clarence Parry to develop his concept of the neighborhood unit.
Mariemont, Ohio 1926. Founded by Mary Emery and planned by John Nolen. Incorporated short blocks, mixed-use housing development (both owner-occupied and rental), and other elements that would later become part of the New Urbanism movement.
Sunnyside Gardens, Queens, NY 1924. Sunnyside Gardens was constructed by City Housing Corporation and planned by Clarence Stein and Henry Wright.
Radburn, NJ 1928. Radburn, NJ incorporated cul-de-sacs, communal gardens, ped walkways that were separated from roadways, and other aspects that would be incorporated into greenbelt towns. Designed by Clarence Stein and Henry Wright using the Garden City concept.
Levittown, NY 1947. Levittown was a postwar planned community designed by Alfred and William Levitt, who designed rows of identical housing using an assembly line style.
Park Forest, Illinois 1947. Park Forest was a postwar planned suburban community, and the first privately funded planned community in the US. It incorporated diversified housing selection.
Seaside, Florida 1982. Seaside incorporated compact dev, walkable scale, mixed-uses, traditional neighborhood design principles (TNDs), and other elements of New Urbanism. Called the New Urban town.
Letchworth, England 1903. Letchworth catalyzed the New Town movement, which was very influential in the US Greenbelt towns. Letchworth was the initial English town to incorporate Garden City design.
Columbia, Maryland 1967. James Rouse. 10 self-contained villages. Designed to address human values; and eliminate racial, ethic and religion division and eliminate inconveniences. Est a new zoning ord for more flexible mix of land uses
Created by: jlongabaugh