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Unit 5 Part B

American History

Standard 5B Civil War Knowledge Level
During the Civil War, African American troops did what? fought on the Union side in significant numbers.
During the Civil War, both Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis had what in common? suspended the right of habeas corpus in some places.
What were some of the advantages of the North? Plentiful resources to keep armies supplied. Larger free population and greater capacity for manufacturing.
What was the South's greatest resource during the Civil War? Its' export of Cotton.
The Confederate capture of Fort Sumter in 1861 was significant because of ? It marked the beginning of the Civil War.
The North’s rapid economic growth during the Civil War was stimulated by? increased government demand for many products.
The main point of the Anaconda Plan was to blockade Southern ports because that would force the Confederates to ______________. run out of resources faster, forcing them to surrender.
Which of the following were the Union generals most instrumental in finally achieving a victory for the North? Ulysses S. Grant and William T. Sherman
What was a major result of the Civil War? The power of the central government was strengthened.
“I could cut a swath to the sea and divide the Confed in two. I can make the march, and make Ga howl!”--General Sherman After occupying Atl, Sherman triumphantly makes this bold statement in which he proposes to march Union armies across Georgia until he reaches the sea.
Why were the Battles of Vicksburg and Gettysburg, early July, 1863, considered the turning point of the war? the South was cut in two and Gen Lee was on the defensive in Virginia the rest of the war
What is one reason that the Union strategy for defeating the South included a naval blockade of Southern ports? to prevent Southern efforts to sell cotton in Europe in exchange for war supplies.
At the beginning of the Civil War, _______. African American troops were not allowed to join the Union army.
What extra danger did African American soldiers face in the Civil War? If they were captured they might be returned to slavery or if uniform shot.
Shortly after McClellan’s victory at Antietam, Lincoln fired him because he ___________. could have destroyed Lee’s army, but he let the Confederates slip away. Also this battle was a victory for North and Lincoln issued Emancipation Proclamation after this.
Why was it necessary to pass the 13th Amendment after the Emancipation Proclamation had been issued? The Emancipation Proclamation had freed the enslaved African Americans only in the states at war with the Union and under Union control..
Which of the following includes the statement “We here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth”? the Gettysburg Address
Why did Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation free slaves only in the South? Lincoln believed that he was authorized merely to free slaves in rebelling states as a military tactic.
Which of the following was a reason the battlefield casualties were so high during the Civil War? Thousands of soldiers were killed in charges against new, more effective weapons.
Lincoln handled the Northern opposition to the war by having protestors arrested and put in prison with no trial.
Slavery in the United States ended with the Thirteenth Amendment
At the start of the war, Southerners compared themselves to Americans who fought for independence in 1776.
What strategy did the South have for fighting the war? attack Washington, D.C. and win a quick victory. Later keep fighting until win major victory hope Union would quit also try to get British as an ally.
Why did President Lincoln act forcefully to keep Missouri and Maryland in the Union? They were border states and very important to the security of the Union.
By 1865, ________________________. parts of the South lay in ruins because of the North’s strategy of total war.
Capturing Vicksburg was an important objective for the North because_ its capture would cut the South in two.
What were Grant’s surrender terms to Lee? The Confederates had to surrender their weapons and go home peacefully. Allowed to keep horses.
Who was the president of the Confederacy? Jefferson Davis who's government based on states first, taxes and money hard to raise for soldiers just like Americans in revolution.
Which region in the South would be more likely to support the Civil War? a region with large plantations and many slaves.
The Emancipation Proclamation ___________________. freed slaves only in areas in rebellion against the United States but not in areas that remained loyal. That South that wasn't the border states.
At the outset, President Lincoln held that the Civil War was being fought to? preserve the Union. Later to free the slaves..
The Confederate defeat at Vicksburg was important because it ______________. resulted in the Confederacy being split in half along the Mississippi River.
Grant’s early victories in the West hurt the Confederacy because they(the North) opened two water routes into part of the Confederacy.
What was the Anaconda Plan? The Union strategy to defeat the South Blockade Southern ports Cut off the Mississippi River and cut South into two pieces. Capture Richmond capital of Confederacy.
What was a direct effect on the South when Abraham Lincoln was killed? The Reconstruction plan was not directed very well and reconstruction did not go very well.
What plan was the Confederacy like? The American side against the British
What plan was the Union side like? The British side.
Why did the Union side accomplish their goals? Superior Leadership by Abraham Lincoln Superior numbers willing to be sacrificed. Accomplished the British goals that were theirs South did not accomplish theirs.
Why didn't the South win? They could not get allies liked the Americans did. They had limited supplies. Key victories fell through when they needed them.
Who had the Superior generals or officers? The Confederacy had the superior officers. Their strategy was sound and good at first. Overwhelmed because couldn't keep the fight up.
Compare General Lee to General Grant General Lee better at strategy and inspiring troops to do extraordinary. Grant continued to press the fight even with heavy losses and overpowered grant's resources.
What was total war. Strike military and civilian targets. Destroy materials and crops enemy could use. Destroy factories, railroads anything that would damage their economy. Break the people's will to continue fighting.
Created by: CentralHistory
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