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The Civil War

The U.S. was separated into the Union and the Confederacy which fought this war.

Why did 11 states secede from the U.S. in 1860 and 1861? 1. Abraham Lincoln (president of the U.S. at the time) opposed the expansion of slavery into United States' territories. 2. The succeeded states wanted states' rights.
Strengths of the Union: 1. Controlled the navy 2. More money 3. Industry (more weapons) 4. Agriculture 5. Railroads
Weaknesses of the Union: 1. Lost a lot 2. Started off with not very good military generals
Strengths of the Confederacy: 1. Strong fighting spirit 2. Best Military Leaders 3. More trading partners with Europe
Weaknesses of the Confederacy: 1. South is heavily wooded making easy ambushes and retreats Union. 2. Not in complete agreement over the abolition of slavery 3. Lost a lot 4. Little Industry
States' Rights The idea that each state can make its own laws.
Union President: Abraham Lincoln
Confederacy President: Jefferson Davis
General Robert E. Lee 1807-1870 Born in Virginia; Commander of the Confederate forces
Missouri Compromise In 1820, Northern states and Southern states agreed to divide the Louisiana Purchase evenly. Balanced Rule: Every time a free state joined the Union, so would a slave state.
Kansas-Nebraska Act In 1854, southern politicians repealed the compromise of 1820 and said that every new state could be a slave state if it wanted to.
Border States These states fought with the Union to keep the nation together but were pro-slavery.
Fort Sumpter This is where the first battle took place in South Carolina. The south wanted to take it because South Carolina was a Confederate state.
What was the cause of the civil war? Abraham Lincoln wanted to keep America together and end slavery.
Secede To separate and make a new nation
Who won the the first major battles at during the beginning of the Civil War? The Confederates
Who won the battle of Gettysburg? The Unionists
Gettysburg Address A speech made by Abraham Lincoln to pay tribute to the brave Confederate soldiers that gave their lives protecting what was right during the Civil War.
Ulysses S. Grant The 18th president;following his success as military commander in the American Civil War.
The Battle of Gettysburg The only battle fought in the north (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania)
Emancipation Proclamation Issued by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863, freeing the slaves in all areas in rebellion
Battle of Vicksburg A decisive battle in the Civil War (1863); after being besieged for nearly seven weeks the Confederates surrendered
The Battle of Appomattox Court House The battle where The Confederates surrendered to the Union which ended the war
Underground Railroad A network of safe houses and secret routes used slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists.
Abolitionists People who wanted to abolish, or get rid of, slavery in the U.S. and did so in many ways like protesting and writing.
Created by: SelamH