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Ch 15 Vocabulary

Chapter 15 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Unconditional Surrender An unconditional surrender is a surrender in which no guarantees are given to the surrendering party. In modern times unconditional surrenders most often include guarantees provided by international law.
Saturation Bombing is a large aerial bombing done in a progressive manner to inflict damage in every part of a selected area of land. The phrase evokes the image of explosions completely covering an area, in the same way that a carpet covers a floor.
Strategic Bombing Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its economic ability and public will to wage war rather than destroying its land or naval forces. ...
Tuskegee Airmen Red Tails," George Lucas’ high-flying action movie set over the skies of World War II Europe, opened today in the United States.
Battle of Midway Navy gunners fire 50 caliber guns at a Japanese Zero as another Zero dives in flames into the lagoon
Executive Order 8802 was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 25, 1941, to prohibit racial discrimination in the national defense industry. It was the first federal action, though not a law, to promote equal opportunity and prohibit employment-
Bracero Program was a series of laws and diplomatic agreements, initiated by an August 1942 exchange of diplomatic notes between the United States and Mexico, for the importation of temporary ...
Internment Internment is the imprisonment or confinement [disambiguation needed] of people, commonly in large groups, without trial. The Oxford English Dictionary
Korematsu v. United States In a 6-3 decision, the Court sided with the government,[2] ruling that the exclusion order was constitutional
442nd Regimental Combat Team of the United States Army was a regimental size fighting unit composed almost entirely of American soldiers of Japanese descent who fought in World War II, despite the fact many of their families were subject to internment.
Rationing allow each person to have only a fixed amount of (a particular commodity).
OWI The United States Office of War Information (OWI) was a United States government agency created during World War II to consolidate existing government information services and deliver propaganda both at home and abroad.
D-Day the day (June 6, 1944) in World War II on which Allied forces invaded northern France by means of beach landings in Normandy.
Battle of the Bulge The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was a major German offensive campaign launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in Belgium,
Island Hopping travel from one island to another, esp. as a tourist in an area of small islands.
Kamikaze (in World War II) a Japanese aircraft loaded with explosives and making a deliberate suicidal crash on an enemy target.
Manhattan Project was a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada
Holocaust destruction or slaughter on a mass scale, esp. caused by fire or nuclear war
Anti-Semitism hostility to or prejudice against Jews.
Nuremberg Laws were two laws which excluded the Jews from German life, as well as took away some of their natural rights. They were first declared at the annual Nazi rally held in Nuremberg in 1935
Kristallnacht German pronunciation: [kʁɪsˈtalnaχt]; English: "Crystal Night"), also referred to as the Night of Broken Glass, or Reichskristallnach
Genocide the deliberate killing of a large group of people, esp. those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
Concentration Camp a place where large numbers of people, esp. political prisoners or members of persecuted minorities, are deliberately imprisoned in a relatively small area with inadequate facilities, sometimes to provide forced labor or to await mass execution.
Death Camp a prison camp, esp. one for political prisoners or prisoners of war, in which many die from poor conditions and treatment or from mass execution.
War Refugee Board established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in January 1944, was a U.S. executive agency created to aid civilian victims of the Nazi and Axis powers.
Yalta Conference The World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union.
Superpower A state with a dominant position in international relations and is characterized by its unparalleled ability to exert influence or project power on a global scale.
GATT International agreement first signed in 1947 aimed at lowering trade barriers.
United Nations An intergovernmental organization established on 24 October 1945 to promote international co-operation.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights A declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot, Paris.
Geneva Convention Comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for the humanitarian treatment of war.
Nuremberg Trials A series of military tribunals, held by the Allied forces after WWII, most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany.
Created by: cameronbal70