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Vocabulary

Chapter 14 and 15

QuestionAnswer
1. totalitarianism when a single party or member controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people
2. anti-semitic prejudice against jews
3. Spanish Civil War Nationalist forces led by General Francisco Franco rebelled against Democratic Republican government in spain
4. appeasement policy granting concessions to a political enemy in hope that they will maintain peace
5. Anschluss union of Germany and Austria in 1933
6. Munich Pact agreement between Germany, Italy, and Japan that scarified the Sudetenland to preserve peace
7. blitzkrieg sudden attack
8. Axis Powers Germany, Italy, and Japan
9. Allies Britain, France, and eventually Soviet Union, United States, and China
10. Neutrality Act of 1939 act that allowed nations to buy food and war supplies from the US but they had to pay in cash and also carry the supplies on their own ships
11. tripartite Pact what made Germany, Italy, and Japan allies
12. Lend-Lease Act allowed FDR to send supplies to any country that he considered vital to the safety of the US
13. Atlantic Charter document that endorsed national self determination and an international system of "general security"
14. Pearl harbor when Japan surprise attacked America causing them to get into the war
15. WAC Woman Army Corps, made women jobs in the military as truck drivers, instructors, lab technicians, and clerical workers
16. Bataan Death March when Japan made the POW march 55 miles up the Bataan peninsula to get on a train and walk 8 more miles
17. Battle of Coral Sea battle between Japanese and Americans over the Coral Sea and it was fought with air planes
18. unconditional surrender giving up completely without giving any concessions
19. saturation bombing dropping lots of bombs for a lot of damage
20. strategic bombing dropping bombs on key political and industrial targets
21. Tuskegee Airmen African American squadron that escorted bombers in air war over Europe
22. Battle of Midway turning point where Japanese advance was stopped
23. Executive Order 8802 assured fair hiring practices for all government positions
24. bracero program program that brought Mexican Workers to work on American farms
25. internment temporary imprisonment of a member of a specific group
26. Korematsu vs. United States when the supreme court upheld government wartime internment policy
27. 442nd Regimental Combat Team WWII team made up of Japanese American Volunteers
28. rationing diving up something when supplies get low
29. OWI Office of War Information, encouraged support of the war effort during WWII
30. D-Day June 6, 1944, the day Allies forces landed on the beach of Normandy France
31. Battle of the Buldge Hitler organized a counter attack on the allies in Belgium and it crippled Germany
32. Island Hopping seizing certain Japanese islands while bypassing others
33. kamikaze Japanese pilots that ran into American ships during WWII
34. Manhattan Project name of the project that developed the atomic bomb
35. Holocaust systematic murder of jews
36. Geneva Convention international agreement that set humane treatment for wounded soldiers
37. Nuremburg Laws laws passed by Hitler that said Jews coulden't be citizens of Germany
38. Kristallnact organized attacks of Jewish communities in Germany
39. genocide annihilation of a social, political, or racial group
40. concentration camp places where Nazis imprisoned minorities
41. death camp place for exterminating prisioners
42. War Refugee Board agency that saved Eastern European Jews
43. Yalta Conference stratigy meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin
44. superpower powerful country that plays a economic and political role in the world
45. GATT lower trade barriers
46. Universal Declaration of Human Rights document passed by the UN to make basic human rights
47. United Nations 1945 to promote world peace
48. Nuremberg Trials trials where Nazi Leaders were charged with war crimes
49. anti-semitism discrimination on a group of people
Created by: ashley3450