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Australian History

AOS1 - Port Phillip District

QuestionAnswer
(SECONDARY) "great city, as comfortable, as elegant, as luxurious, as any place in London or Paris" (WESTON BATE)
(SECONDARY) "the intensity of mining created instant townships" (WESTON BATE)
(SECONDARY) "almost entirely destructive" (GEOFFREY BOLTON) - the gold rush's environmental affect
(SECONDARY) "generally affluent, self-confident, progressive, and at times even aggressive" (DON GARDEN) - Victorian society)
(SECONDARY) "Weakened their ability to resist the new invaders and it was weakened further by increasing illness" (A.G.L SHAW)
(PRIMARY) "Debauchery and drink was doing it's work" (ALFRED JOYCE)
(PRIMARY) "Gentlemen in the country should protect their property and deal with such useless savages on the spot" (FOSTER FYANS)
(PRIMARY) "the land excellent and very rich and light black soil" (JOHN BATMAN)
(PRIMARY) "a land so inviting and still without inhabitants" (MAJOR MITCHELL)
(SECONDARY) "Stroke of a pen British law replaced Aboriginal law" (HENRY REYNOLDS)
(PRIMARY) ‘Unlock the Lands’ (Melbourne, 1855) Popular ballad concerning the 'unlocking of land' for people to buy
(PRIMARY) ‘Hurrah for Australia’ – (Charles Thatcher 1850s) Popular ballad concerning the advances in Australia
(PRIMARY) “There was no exclusiveness; they admitted persons of all persuasions” – (Sir Redmond Barry)
1835 – Batman’s treaty with the Aboriginals
1837 – Colonial and British government schemes for assisted migration
1845-1852 - Great Potato Blight across Ireland and Scotland
1837 – The Port Phillip Aboriginal Protectorate set up.
1838 - Faithfull Massacre – 20 Aboriginal men attacked 18 stockman – 8 stockman killed.
1839 – Four Protectors, led by Chief Protector George Augustus Robinson, were sent to different parts of the colony. Their task was to make contact with Aboriginal groups and persuade them to abandon their country and way of life and settle on reserves.
1841 – Gippsland Massacre Angus McMillan and the Highland Brigade killed between 60-150 Aboriginals.
6,646,557 sheep 16 years after contact (1851) – J. Morgan
Population increased 7 fold in 10 years, with 77,345 (1851) to 540,322 (1861)
Melbourne Public Library 1854
Secret ballots 1856
1844 – Port Phillip petitions Sydney for separation
1858 - 40,000 Chinese migrated to Victoria. They made up 1/10th of Victoria’s population. (Geoffrey Blainey)
1837 – Melbourne named and the street grid laid out by Robert Hoddle
Chartism - reform movement of 1837–48, the principles of which were set out in a manifesto called The People's Charter and Called for universal suffrage for men, equal electoral districts, voting by secret ballot, abolition of property qualifications for MPs, and annual general elections.
Ballarat Reform League Formed on 11 November 1854 at Ballarat as a protest against the regulation of the gold diggings
George Macrae – settler - Mornington Peninsula 1845: Used native men as farm hands and native girls as domestic servants: "We found the Aborigines about us docile...and highly intelligent" (PRIMARY)
National Museum 1854
First Australian Railway Founded 1854
University of Melbourne 1855
Botanical Gardens 1856
Royal Melbourne Hospital 1856
Telegraphic communications between Melbourne, Adelaide and Sydney 1858
Melbourne lit by gas 1857
Universal male suffrage adopted 1857
Eight hour day awarded 1856
Chinese Immigration Act - levies 10 pounds each on Chinese immigrants 1855
1842 - Native Police formed 100 Aboriginal men served in the Police over 10 years
Created by: alex.iwanuch
 

 



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