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India Unit Test

TermDefinition
Federal System Political system in which power is SHARED among different levels of government
Indian National Congress India's legislature made up of representatives elected from all across the country; the majority party chooses the prime minister
Prime Minister India's head of government chosen by the majority party of the Indian National Congress
Colony Territory controlled by another country, usually as a part of a larger empire
Great Britain Country that controlled India until 1947; India modeled its new government after this country's government
Untouchables People of India's lowest caste in the caste system; Gandhi fought for their equal rights
Indira Gandhi India's first female prime minister; she was assassinated in 1984; her father was Gandhi's friend and India's first prime minister
Bicameral Term to describe India's national parliament that is made up of 2 houses (bi = 2)
Republic Elected individuals (REPresentatives) make decisions for the people
Federal Republic A system where power is SHARED among different levels of the government and REPresentatives REPresent the voters
Caste A level in India's society defined by old traditions
Secular Favoring no special religion, even though the majority of India's people are Hindu
Agriculture About half of India's population still works in ___
Green Revolution Strategy started by India's government to try and modernize Indian agriculture with new seeds and grains, but also fertilizers and pesticides
Bollywood India's film industry
Call centers Industry where people are employed to handle technology questions, airline reservations, and retail sales for customers around the world
Traditional economy Many parts of India still live in a ___ where economic decisions are based on customs and tradtions
Human capital The Green Revolution was an example of India's government investing in ___ when farmers learned new techniques for farming
English Because so many in India speak ___, India is now one of the leading software producers in the world
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) The total amount of income a country makes on goods and services in a year
Entrepreneur One who takes a risk to start a business
Micro-credit An individual's ability to borrow small amounts of money to start little local businesses
Homespun Cloth created by Indians in India from cotton grown in India
Indian National Congress Group that formed in 1885 to fight for the rights of Indians, mainly made up of Hindus
Muslim League Group that formed in 1906 to fight for the rights of Indians, mainly made up of Muslims
World War I Many Indians joined forces with the British during ___ because they were promised that when the war ended, India would be able to work toward self-government
Amritsar Site of a massacre by the British who fired upon a crowd who had gathered in a way that was illegal according to the Rowlatt Act
Civil Disobedience Gandhi's philosophy of non-violent non-cooperation
Civil Peaceful, non-violent
Disobedience Non-cooperation, disobeying rules and laws
Homespun Campaign Plan for Indians to stop buying British cloth made from India's cotton; the people of India were encouraged to only wear cloth spun on spinning wheels in India
Dominion Great Britain offered India ___ (self-rule) if they would agree to fight in World War II
Quit India Movement Time when Gandhi and the INC encouraged Indians to not support the British in WWII
Independence Great Britain granted India ___ after World War II; partly because of the overwhelming expense of fighting WWI & WWII
Nationalism Belief that people should be loyal to those with whom they share common history, customs, origins, and sometimes language or religion
Partition Division of India into 3 new countries: India and East & West Pakistan (East Pakistan is now Bangladesh)
Mahatma means "Great Soul"
Salt March March to the sea to protest a British tax on salt; Gandhi and others made their own salt illegally in protest
Outsourcing Practice known as ___ where India has become a major source of workers due to their English and computer skills
Rupee India's currency
Created by: MrsRidley
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