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ch. 12 & 13 Vocab.

Mrs. Hunt U.S. History Ch. 12 & 13 Vocabulary

1.) Speculation practice of making high-rise investments in hopes of earning large profits
2.) Black Tuesday Oct. 29, 1929 stock prices fell sharply in the Great Crash
3.) Business Cycle periodic growth and contraction of the economy
4.) Great Depression 1929-1941 in which the economy faltered and unemployment grew
5.) Hawley-Smoot Tariff protective import tax in 1930
6.) Bread Line people waiting for food handouts from charities or public agencies
7.) Hooverville term used to describe shantytowns set up by homeless people during the Great Depression
8.) Tenant Farmer farmers who worked for bigger land owners rather than for themselves
9.) Dust Bowl term used for the central and southern Great Plains in 1930's when the region suffered from drought and dust storms
10.) Okies term used to describe Dust Bowl refugees
11.) Repatriation process of Mexican Americans were forced to return to Mexico
12.) Localism policy used by President Hoover in the Depression where local and state governments act as primary economic relief agents
13.) Reconstruction Finance Corporation agency to provide emergency government credits to banks
14.) Trickle Down Economics theory that holds that money lent to banks and businesses will "trickle" down to consumers
15.) Hoover Dam dam on the Colorado River
16.) Bonus Army WWI veterans who marched on D.C in 1932 to demand a payment bonus promised to them by Congress
17.) New Deal programs enacted by F.D.R during the Depression to promote economic recovery
18.) Fireside Chat informal radio broadcasts in which F.D.R explained issues and the New Deal programs
19.) FDIC government agency that insures bank deposits
20.) TVA government agency that built dams in the TN River to control flooding and generate power
21.) CCC New Deal program that provided young men with relief jobs on conservation projects
22.) NRA New Deal agency that promoted recovery in the economy by regulating wages, prices, and production
23.) PWA New Deal agency that provided jobs constructing buildings
24.) Second New Deal activity begun by F.D.R in 1935 to solve problems created by the Great Depression
25.) WPA New Deal agency that provided work relief through public projects
26.) Pump Priming theory that favored work projects because they put money into the consumer's hands who bought more goods
27.) Social Security Act 1935; law that set up insurance and aid for people
28.) Wagner Act New Deal law that abolished unfair labor practices, recognized the right of employees to organize labor unions
29.) Collective Bargaining employers negotiate with labor unions about working conditions, wages, and hours
30.) Fair Labor Standards Act 1938 law that set a minimum wage, a maximum workweek of 44 hours, and outlawed child labor
31.) CIO labor organization in the 1930's that represented unskilled industrial workers
32.) Sit Down Strikes protest in which workers stopped working and occupied the workplace until their demands are met
33.) Court Parking F.D.R plan to add up six new justices to the Supreme Court after the Court ruled that some of the New Deal was unconstitutional
34.) Black Cabinet African American leaders who served as advisers to F.D.R
35.) Indian New Deal 1930's legislation that gave Indians greater control over their affairs and provided funding for schools and hospitals
36.) New Deal Coalition political force formed by groups who united to support F.D.R and his New Deal legislation
37.) Welfare State government that assumes responsibility for providing for the welfare of the poor
38.) Wizard of Oz A book by the American author L. Frank Baum. A little girl named Dorothy, is carried by a tornado from Kansas to the land of Oz
39.) War of the Worlds October 30, 1938; an episode of a radio drama that performed as a Halloween series
40.) Federal Art Project division of the Works Progress Administration that hired unemployed artists to create artworks for public buildings
41.) Mural a large picture painted directly on a wall or ceiling