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World War II

What countries made up the Axis powers? Germany, Italy, and Japan
What countries made up the Allied powers? Great Britian, USSR, United States
What was the goal of the Allies? To beat the Axis powers unconditionally so that they could not attack another country
What was the goal of Germany? to gain more land and seek revenge for the Treaty of Versailles
What was the goal of Japan? To gain more land, especially in the Middle East
Why was the Middle East important? oil fields
What Allied strategy led to the the capturing of Iwo Jima and Okinawa? island hopping
Why did the US finally join the war? Japan attacked Pearl Harbor
Why did the US wait so long to join the war? Congress passed laws that said that the US had to remain neutral
Who was the leader of Japan? Hirohito
Who was the leader of Germany Adolf Hitler
Who was the leader of the United States at the begininning of the war? Roosevelt
Who was the leaader of Italy? Mussolini
Who was the leader of Great Britain? Winston Churchill
Who was the leader of the Soviet Union (USSR)? Stalin
What was the Manhattan Project? secret US project to build the atomic bomb
What size were the 1st computers? room sized
What were computers used for? to read secret codes
How were African Americans treated in the military? they were segregated
Who was the group of famous African American fighter pilots? The Tuskegee Airmen
Where were Japanese Americans moved to after the bombing of Pearl Harbor? interment camps
How did Americans on the homefront conserve food? rationing
Why were Victory Gardens planted? to save money and support the troops
What did Rosie the Riviter represent? women doing the work of men during the war
What event finally made the European Axis powers surrender? D-Day
What 2 events made Japan finally surrender? when the US dropped atomic bombs on HIroshima and Nagasaki
Who was the president that made the decision to drop the atomic bombs? Truman
Created by: bellm
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