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WWII

TermDefinition
Benito Mussolini- Fascist Dictator of Italy
Adolf Hitler- Chancellor and Dictator of Nazi Germany
Joseph Stalin- Premier of The Soviet Union
Winston Churchill- Prime Minister of War-time Great Britain
FDR- U.S. war-time president
Hideki Tojo- Japan's war-time prime minister
American isolationism- The U.S. policy of remaining neutral and uninvolved in foreign affairs
How did Germany “unify” with Austria? German troops marched into Austria unopposed
What did the Munich agreement state? That Germany would control the Sudetenland
Describe the nonaggression pact That Germany and The Soviet Union would not go to war with each other
What was Hitler’s final solution? a plan to "exterminate" Jews
How did many American’s react to the thought of Jewish refugees coming into the U.S.? That they might take much-needed jobs
Did FDR know about Hitler’s final solution? Yes
What was the cash and carry policy the U.S. held? That nations (Britain and France) could get arms from the U.S. as long as they paid cash
Axis Powers- Germany, Italy, Japan
Allies- Great Britain, France, US, USSR
Lend-lease plan- Passed after the Neutrality Act once the US realized Great Britain might fall to the Germans. The U.S. lent or leased arms to countries (Britain & USSR) who were vital to the protection of democracy
What was the Atlantic charter? FDR and Churchill agreed on post-War plans--A collective security organization (UN), free trade, self-determination.
What did the Japanese do to mislead the U.S. before Pearl Harbor? They continued peace negotiations as the attack on Pearl Harbor had already started
What was the date of the attack on Pearl Harbor? 12/7/1941
Who declared war on the U.S. after the US declared war on Japan? Germany
Why did the U.S. need to use a draft during WWII? They needed a lot of soldiers to fight a two-front war
What did the WAAC do for the armed forces? Served in non-combat positions such as; nurses
What was surprising about the fact that minorities joined the military? Minorities joined the war effort despite the fact they experienced discrimination in the US
What was the job of the War Production Board? To converted factories to produce war-time products and determine how raw materials would be used.
How did women and minorities help at home? They took over jobs of those soldiers who were overseas
What types of things were people rationing during the war? Sugar, oil, rubber
Battle of the Atlantic- A battle marked by the sinking of British shipping that was won by the Allies by the use of sonar
Stalingrad- A house by house battle fought between Germany and the U.S.S.R. where the Soviet Union's success proved that Germany could be defeated.
Operation Torch- The Allied invasion of Axis-controlled North Africa
D-Day- (date and Omaha Beach) 6/6/1944
Battle of the Bulge- The last ditch effort of the German's to try and break Allied forces
Omaha Beach American landing zone in Normandy where the Americans suffered major losses to take the beach.
V-E day (date)- 5/8/1945
FDR’s successors name- Harry S. Truman
Doolittle’s Raid- A US Pearl-Harbor Style attack on Tokyo
Battle of the Coral Sea- The first Japanese Invasion that had been stopped. Fought with aircraft from aircraft carriers. Japanese turned away from Australia.
Battle of Midway- U.S. broke Japanese codes. Turning point that stopped Japanese progress towards an invasion of Hawaii. Japanese suffered major naval losses.
Iwo Jima- "Sulfur-Island" was a heavily guarded Japanese island that was marked by Japanese tunnels
Okinawa- The last island battle in the Pacific prior to planning the invasion of the Japanese Islands. Japanese lost 110,000 soldiers and 140,000 civilians were killed.
Zoot suiters Mexican-Americans who wore zoot suits (they had lots of extra fabric and were seen as unpatriotic)
Japanese Internment The relocation of over 120 Japanese and Japanese Americans living in the US from the West Coast to locations in the interior of the US.
V-J Day August 15, 1945 (day the Japanese surrendered) or September 2, 1945 (official signing of Japanese surrender)
Enola Gay Airplane that dropped the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima
Two cities in Japan that were bombed by the atomic bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Hirohito Japan's Emperor
Manhattan Project The code name for the US project to create the atomic bomb.
Robert Oppenheimer Led the Manhattan Project
Neutrality Acts Initial acts passed by US government to try to stay out of the war in Europe.
Created by: wohsstudent