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Fulkerson Ch. 5

Republic government in which citizens rule through their elected representatives
Republicanism idea that government should be based on the consent of the people
Articles of Confederation two levels of government shared fundamental powers
Confederation alliance
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 congress provided a procedure for dividing the land into territories
Shay's Rebellion An uprising led by a former militia officer, Daniel Shays, which broke out in western Massachusetts in 1786. Shays's followers protested the foreclosures of farms for debt and briefly succeeded in shutting down the court system.
James Madison 4th president
Great Compromise offered a two-house Congress to satisfy both small and big states
3/5 Compromise called for 3/5 of a state’s slaves to be counted as population
Federalism divided power between the national government by the Constitution
Legislative Branch makes laws
Executive Branch carry out laws
Judicial Branch interpret the laws
Checks and balances prevented one branch from dominating the other
Electoral College cast ballots for the candidates
Ratification official approval
Federalists support the constitution
Anti-federalists against the constitution
The Federalist series of 85 essays defending the Constitution
Bill of Rights 1st 10 amendements
Why did the Articles of Confederation prove inadequate for governing the new nation? lacking the power to tax, the central government could do nothing.
1st amendment Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.
2nd amendment Right to bear arms
3rd amendment Quartering of soldiers.
4th amendment Search and seizure
5th amendment Grand jeopardy
6th amendment Rights of accused persons, e.g., right to a speedy and public trial.
7th amendment Law suits
8th amendment Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments.
9th amendment Other rights of the people
10th amendment Rights reserved to States or people
Created by: olivia_krob