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PDX Definitions

Eye

QuestionAnswer
Upper eyelid overlaps the pupil Ptosis
Turning inward of lid margin is what and usually seen in what population? entropion; elderly
Turning outward of lid margin is what and usually seen in what population? ectropion; elderly
Eyeball protrudes forward and seen in what disorder? exophthalmos; hyperthyroidism
Eyeball recedes and is seen in what disorder? enophthalmos; hypothyroidism
Thinning of lateral 1/3 of the eyebrow is seen in what disorder? hypothyroidism
Up-slanting eyebrows is seen in what disorder? down syndrome
Eye turns down hypotropia
Eye turns up hypertropia
Eye turns out exotropia
Eye turns in esotropia
Painful, tender red infection in a gland at the margin of the eyelid sty
Nonpainful cyst on lid margin chalazion
Red inflamed lid margins and often with crusting blepharitis
Scaliness seborrheic dermatits
Slightly raised, yellowish, well-circumscribed plaques that appear along the nasal portions of eyelids xanthelasma
Causes of conjunctivitis bacterial, viral, allergic
Causes of a subconjunctival hemorrhage trauma, bleeding disorders, cough
Conjunctival injection, cloudy cornea acute glaucoma
Yellow sclera jaundice or carotenemia
Pale conjunctiva is a sign of what? anemia
Petechial hemorrhages is a sign of what? endocarditis
Opaque of the lens visible through the pupil cataract
CN for facial expression? CN 7
CN for visioni? CN 2
Unequal pupils anisocoria
Dilated pupils can be from what? trauma, drugs, etc.
Direct response of the rt eye is normal without a consensual response of lt eye suggests what? Problem with motor connection to the left pupil such as damage to the oculomotor nerve or the EW nucleus of the brain stem
Penlight to center of forehead helps assess what? Sudden strabismus (misalignment of eyes)
What do you observe in the funduscopic exam? sharpness or clarity of the disc outline, color of the disc, size of the central physiologic cup, comparative symmetry of the eyes, pigmented crescents
Color of disc should be what color? yellowish orange to creamy pink
Size of the central cup should be what? <50% of the horizontal diamter of the disc
Normal horizontal field vision is where? at least 120 degrees and at least 20 degrees of visual field both above and below the horizontal axis in each eye
Cover/uncover test tests what? strabismus (tropias)
Cross/uncover test is utilized to detect what? phorias
Pausing during upward and lateral gazes tests for what? nystagmus
As patient's eyes move from up to down look for what? This suggests what? lid lag; hyperthyroidism
Eye moves inward to pick up fixation? Exotropia/phoria
Eye moves outward to pick up fixation? Esotropia/phoria
Eye moves upward to pick up fixation? Hypotropia/phoria
Eye moves downward to pick up fixation? Hypertropia/phoria
Created by: 1277880004