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WWII Vocabulary

World War II Vocab.

TermDefinition
Allies the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.) during World War II, aka the "good guys"
appeasement avoiding war by meeting the demands of a threatening nation
atomic bomb a bomb deriving its destructive power from the release of nuclear energy
Axis Powers Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II, aka the "bad guys"
concentration camps a type of prison where the Nazis kept large numbers of Jewish people during World War II - people there were treated very badly and often killed
dictator a ruler with absolute power
economic interdependence when two or more countries need to trade with one another to meet their needs
economic depression a period of time in which there is little economic activity and many people do not have jobs
Holocaust the murder of about 12 million people by the Nazis during World War II
internment camp Japanese Americans were put into these camps after the attack on Pearl Harbor during World War II
Lend-lease policy that allowed Great Britain to borrow military supplies from the United States during World War II
Manhattan Project A secret project by the United States government to create an atomic bomb during World War II
nation-state a group of people who share the same history, traditions, or language that live in a particular area under one government
radar a device that sends out radio waves for finding out the position and sped of a moving object
rationing controlling the amount of (something, such as gasoline or food) that people are allowed to have especially when there is not enough of it
victory garden effort on the home front to grow a family's food so that farm goods could be sent to soldiers overseas.
front an area where military forces are fighting
theater a large area where important events or actions occur in a war
blitzkrieg a sudden and overwhelming military attack. the German words for "lightning war"
isolationism the belief that a country should not be involved with other countries
propaganda ideas or statements that are often false or exaggerated and that are spread in order to help a cause, a political leader, a government, etc
home front the people who stay in a country and work while that country's soldiers are fighting in a war in a foreign country
island hopping the strategy employed by the United States to gain military bases and secure the many small islands in the Pacific to prepare for a land invasion of Japan
totalitarianism a system of government that controls the people of a country in a very strict way with complete power that cannot be opposed
Created by: mrsgannon