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US HIST CIVIL RIGHTS

TermDefinition
14th Amendment Guaranteed African Americans their natural rights
15th Amendment African Americans could vote
Plessy v. Ferguson Case that made "Separate but equal" known
De facto segregation Segregation by custom in the North
Jim Crow Laws Laws in the South setting up segregation
CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) organization that played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement
Segregation Separation of the races
Integration Mixing the races in schools, (public facilities)
Grandfather Clause a statute that provides that the law is not applicable in certain circumstances due to preexisting facts
NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) Goal was to end racial hatred and discrimination.
Brown v. Board of Education U.S. Supreme Court case in which the court ruled unanimously that racial segregation in public schools violated the 14th Amendment
Southern Manifesto 1956 Document written in opposition to the racial integration of public places
Little Rock Nine a group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957
Rosa Parks United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery
Montgomery Bus Boycott a political and social protest against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee a U.S. civil-rights organization formed by students during the 1960s, whose aim was to achieve political and economic equality for blacks
Sit-ins an organized passive protest in which the demonstrators occupy seats prohibited to them
Freedom Rides a bus trip made to parts of the southern U.S. by people engaging in efforts to integrate racially segregated public facilities
James Meredith was the first African-American student admitted to the segregated University of Mississippi
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement, known for nonviolent, Christian civil disobedience
Medgar Evers an African-American civil rights activist whose goal was to stop segregation at the University of Mississippi
March on Washington was a large political rally that called for civil and political rights of African Americans
Bombing of Birmingham Church Resulted in the deaths of 4 girls, was the turning point in the Civil Rights movement and contributed support to the Civil Rights Act of 1964
24th Amendment forbids the use of poll tax on voting, which was the reason why African Americans didn't vote
Civil Rights Act 1964 A federal law that authorized federal action against segregation in public places and employment
Freedom Summer a campaign launched to help as many African Americans register to vote in Mississippi
Selma to Montgomery march AKA Bloody Sunday where marchers were attacked by the police during their protests
Voting Rights Act Authorized the enrollment of voters by federal registrars and eliminated restrictive devices to blacks
Watts Riot A group of violent disturbances in Watts, a largely black section of Los Angeles, in 1965
"Black power" a movement formed by black people to engender social equality and emphasize pride in their culture
Stokely Carmichael leader of the SNCC and later "Honorary Prime Minister" of the Black Panther Party
Malcolm X was an African-American Muslim minister and a human rights activist
Assassination of MLK 1968, was killed in Nashville, TN, after giving his last speech
Created by: FaithRaquel2015