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Study Stack for Immigration

When was there little immigration? During the Revolutionary War.
About how many people a year came to the English Colonies in the early 1700s? < 10,000
In 1700, where did that did most of the immigrants come from? The British Isles and Germany
When was the first big immigration wave? 1815 - 1850s
Where did the immigrants come in the first big immigration wave? Ireland, British Isles, Germany and Scandinavia
Where did the immigrants come in the second big immigration wave? Ireland, British Isles, Germany, and Scandinavia as well as Slavs and Jews from Eastern Europe. There were also Hungarians, Italians, and Greeks.
Where did the immigrants come in the third big immigration wave? Eastern and Southern Europe.
When was the second big immigration wave? 1880s
When was the third big immigration wave? 1904 - 1914
In the first big wave, who came from the West Coast? The Chinese.
Why was there little immigration in the first big wave? Because of the Civil War.
In the third wave, what was the approximate greatest number of people that came? One million plus
Why was immigration slowed in the third wave? World War I
Where are people coming from in the current wave of immigration? Asia, Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean.
Why did some people leave Europe? The Collapse of the Agricultural Order.
Why did the Agricultural Order Collapse? There was a great increase of people in Europe, and due to the increase of population, many people couldn't feed themselves with the farms they had.
Where did people move too in the Agricultural Order Collapse? Some immigrated to big cities, while others moved to America or Australia where land was cheap.
Who and how were some of the people who were driven out of their homes due to their ethnic belief? Jews were driven out of Russia due to physical attacks and economic discrimination. The Armenians were driven out by Turkish massacres. Some also fled in fear of being drafted into armies.
How did transportation improvements become more realistic? Steam power and conditions of the ships.
How did the Steam Power improve immigration? Trains could port in Europe and it allowed Atlantic crossings to take much less time.
How did conditions of ships improve after some time? There were improved conditions on North Atlantic ships, such as food and privacy. Unfortunately, the same could not be said for ships from Italy, Greece, and France.
What were some opportunities in the United States that were appealing to immigrants? There was a need for labor in the US, so many job-needy people could get jobs. There was also support for factories and workers, such as tenements, sewers, trolley lines, and schools.
How did Americans react to immigrants in the good times? Americans would welcome immigrants with open arms!
How did Americans react to immigrants in the bad times? Americans didn't want immigrants when they threatened their job positions. Catholics, Jews, and Muslims also seemed to be a threat to the American culture.
In 1882, what did the Chinese Exclusion Act do? It excluded 'laborers' but allowed 'merchants' to immigrate.
In 1885 to 1887, laws were passed to prohibit contract labor. What was contract labor? People who would sign contracts to work in America while still in their old country.
How many times did Congress have to pass the law to have people know how to read and write before it was accepted? Four times.
In what year were people barred from entering America if they were idiots, insane people, etc? 1891
in 1921, the Emergency Immigration Act was passed. What did it do? It set a quota system and allowed only 3% of people from a country to come here based on results in 1910.
How many people came to the US in 1921, compared to only 800,000 people in the year ending June 1921? 300,000 people
What happened in 1924? National origins made an effort to keep out Italians, Jews, Slavs, and Asians. Soon afterwards, National Origins banned Asians completely.
What was the quota on Europeans based on the 1890 census? It had a 2% quota.
What happened in 1929? Law added total number limits.
Created by: Mossfang