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Israel w/ Ophir

Near Eastern Studies 349R; BYU-Jerusaelm

TermDefinition
Sepharad, Sephardic
Ashkenaz, Ashkenazic
Rashi
Maimonides
Yavneh
Tiberias
Mishna
Oral Torah
Written Torah
Talmud
Yeshiva
Blood Libels
Pogrom
Ecclesia and Synagoga
Persecution in Spain, Inquisition
Chmielnicki
Shtetl, Kehilla
Vilna Gaon
Hasid, Hasidism
Rebbe
Besht
Mitnagdim
Shabbetai Zvi
Kishinev
Emancipation Jewish legal status pre and post
Enlightenment Jeswish haskala
Napoleon's Sanhedrin
"Frenchmen of the Mosaic persuasion"
"Be a man on the street and a Jew in your tent"
"Jews should be denied everything as a nation, but granted everything as individuals"
Reform
Conservative
Orthodox
Nuremberg Laws
Einsatzgruppen
Resettlement
Generalgouvernment
Vichy
Judenrat
Kristallnacht
Final Solution
Ghetto
Yellow Star
Gas Chambers
Concentration & Extermination Campls
Mount Herzl
Autoemancipation
Aliya
1st Aliya
2nd Aliya
3rd Aliya
4th Aliya
5th Aliya
Yishuv Old and New
Kibbutz
Moshav
Theodore Herzl
Alfred Dreyfus
Der Judenstaat (The Jewish State)
Altneuland (The Old-New Land)
Labor Zionism
World Zionist Organization
Clandestine Immigration
World Zionist Congress
Basel
Haganah
Histadrut
Balfour Declaration
Partition Plan 1947
British Mandate
Degania
Uganda
"Night-Refuge"
Hovevei Zion
BILU
UNSCOP
White Paper
Economic Absorption Capacity
Cyprus
Clandestine Immigration
Outcomes of the War in 1948
Outcomes of the War in 1967
Knesset (assembly) Israeli Legislature, uni-cameral (one body) with 120 members (symbolically, 10 from each of the 12 tribes) that make up one district for entire country with proportional representation.
Coalition Government (Coalition Politics) A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which several political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that coalition. No party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament.
"Basic Laws" Key component of Israel's constitutional law. Deal with the formation and role of the principal state's institutions, the relations between the state's authorities, and civil rights. They are used on a daily basis by the courts as a formal constitution.
High Court of Justice Supreme Court of Israel. HCoJ rules as a court of first instance, primarily in matters regarding the legality of decisions of State authorities: Government decisions, those of local authorities, and direct challenges to the constitutionality of laws.
Oslo Process A peace process aimed at a peace-treaty to fulfil the "right of the Palestinian people to self-determination". Includes Oslo Accords, resulting in the recognition by Israel of the PLO as the representative of Palestinians and as partner in negotiations.
New Zionist Organization Revisionist Zionist party founded by Jabotinsky to conduct independent political activity for free immigration and the establishment of a Jewish State. Not to be confused with the Zionist Organization, from which Jabotinsky left.
Revisionism Revisionist Zionism. Jabotinsky established the Revisionist Zionist Alliance, which advocated a revision of the principles of Political Zionism. Their principal aim was to change Chaim Weizmann's moderate policies toward the British Mandatory regime.
Vladimir Ze'ev Jabotinsky (1880 Russia-1940 NYC); a Revisionist Zionist leader, author, poet, orator, soldier, and founder of the Jewish Self-Defense Organization in Odessa.
Created by: 1077330370