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chapter 14

Ch. 14 US History Vocab

TermDefinition
emigrant people who leave a country
immigrant people who settle in a new country
steerage cheapest deck on a ship
push-pull factor push people out of their native lands and pull them toward a new place
famine severe food shortage
prejudice negative opinion that is not based on facts
nativist Native-born Americans who wanted to eliminate foreign influence
romanticism a style of European art which stressed the individual, imaginations, creativity, and emotion and drew inspiration from nature
Hudson River School group of artists living in the Hudson River Valley in New York
transcendentalism a 19th century philosophy that taught the spiritual world is more important than the physical world and that people can find truth within themselves through feeling and intuition
civil disobedience a form of protest where you peacefully refuse to obey "unjust" laws
revival a meeting to reawaken religious faith
Second Great Awakening the renewal of religious faith in the 1790s and early 1800s
temperance movement led by churches, a campaign to stop the drinking of alcohol
labor union a group of workers who band together to seek better working conditions
strike stopping work to demand better conditions
Horace Mann an education reformer
Dorothea Dix a reformer for the rights of the mentally ill
abolition movement to end slavery
Frederick Douglass a famous abolitionist speaker
Sojourner Truth a famous abolitionist speaker
Underground Railroad an aboveground series of escape routes from the South to the North
Harriet Tubman one of the most famous underground railroad conducters
Elizabeth Cady Stanton a women's rights reformer
Seneca Falls Convention a convention held by Stanton and Mott for women's rights
suffrage right to vote
Created by: s0205202