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Holt Chapter 25

The Indian Subcontinent

TermDefinition
subcontinent a large landmass that is smaller than a continent
Mount Everest stands highest in the world at 29,035 feet above sea level
Ganges River originates in the Himalayas and flows across northern India and into Bangladesh
delta a landform at the mouth of a river created by sediment deposits
Indus River originates in the Himalayas and creates a large fertile plain in Pakistan
monsoons seasonal winds that bring either moist or dry air to an area
Delhi located in northern India, Turkish Muslims established a powerful kigndom here
colony a territory inhabited and controlled by people from a foreign land
Ancient Civilizations the Harappan and Aryans are two groups that flourished during this time period
Early Empires the Mauryan and Gupta are two groups that flourished during this time period
The Mughal Empire Babur established this empire and Akbar the Great led all to thrive
The British Empire trade flourishes with the English, but eventually India and Pakistan break away in 1947
partition division of India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim) by the British
Hinduism the dominant religion of India
Buddhism a religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama- the Buddha
caste system divided Indian society into groups based on a person's birth or occupation
Mumbai (Bombay) populous city in India located on the west coast
Kolkata (Calcutta) populous city in India located on the east coast
urbanization the increase in the percentage of people who live in cities
green revolution a program that encouraged farmers to adopt modern agricultural methods
Sherpas ethnic group from the mountains of Nepal
Kashmir a territory where India controls the east and Pakistan controls the west
Dhaka the capital city of Bangladesh
Kathmandu the capital city of Nepal
Created by: hingram2000