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China

China Unit Test 2015

TermDefinition
Boxer Rebellion Unsuccessful uprising during the late 1800s by patriotic Chinese who didn't like foreign influence in China
Capitalism Economic principle of using supply and demand to determine production
Collective commune Large farms of shared ownership and government decision-making
Communism Economic principle of using government control to determine production
Cultural revolution Time when Mao tried to eliminate intellectuals and anyone that criticized the government
Deng Xiaoping Leader of China after Mao's death in 1976
Great Leap Forward Program of change that was to lead China into prosperous manufacturing and industry
Kuomintang Nationalists that tried to introduce democracy into China
Little Red Book Publication of Mao's quotations used to inspire the communist movement
Long March 6000-mile journey taken by over 600,000 Communists to escape defeat by the Nationalists
Mao Zedong Leader of the Communist movement in China who was raised as a peasant farmer
Nationalism Patriotic movement in China; influenced the overthrow of the dynasties in the early 1900s
Opium Wars Uprisings against the British trading opium to buy Chinese goods
People's Republic of China Name of the Communist government that took power in China in 1949
Red Guard The army of young people Mao used to enforce his policies in the 1960s
Revolution A dramatic change; an event that changes thing drastically
Sun Yat-sen Leader of Chinese Nationalists that overthrew the rule of the dynasties and became China's first president
Tiananmen Square Large open area in Beijing that was the location of many demonstrations, most notably a student uprising in 1989
Oligarchy Term to describe government by a few, as in China's government controlled by the Chinese Communist Party
Huang He Location where China's earliest civilizations developed along its banks; Yellow River
Paper, gunpowder, silk Important Chinese inventions
North The Great Wall was built to defend against invaders from the ___
Terra Cotta Soldiers Artistic guardians of Emperor Qin's tomb that were unearthed in 1974
Confucianism Philosophy based upon respect for family and authority and the idea that everyone has a place in society
Daoism Philosophy of balance and harmony with nature symbolized by yin and yang; developed by Lao-tzu
Marco Polo Italian explorer who traveled across Asia, lived as a part of Kublai Khan's empire, and produced an influential book about his travels
Silk Road Trade route on land along which Chinese products, European products, and ideas were exchanged
Communist The type of government China has today, where the government makes many economic and social decisions and one party controls much of the election process
2008 Year that Beijing was the host city for the Summer Olympic games
1989 Year of the student uprising in Tiananmen Square where some students were attacked and killed
1980 Year when Deng Xiaoping becomes the leader of China following Mao's death
1960s Decade when the Red Guard carries out the Cultural Revolution
1949 Year China officially is ruled by the Communist Party and becomes the People's Republic of China
1934 Year of the Long March
1911 Year when the Nationalists eliminate the age of the dynasties
Political freedom Even though China's economy is stronger, people still do not have ___ ___
Chiang Kai-shek Leader of the Nationalist party during the civil war with the Communists
Command economy Type of economic system in which the government makes the economic decisions
Market economy Type of economic system China's economy is moving toward
Famine Result of Mao's Great Leap Forward
Entrepreneur One who has ideas and takes a risk in business
Unitary System of government where the power is held in the central government
Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Political party in control of China's government
Buddhism Religion including reincarnation, nirvana, the Eightfold Path, and eliminating selfish desires
Investing The construction of the Three Gorges Dam and hosting the Olympics are examples of ways China's government is ___ in the economy
Provinces Political divisions of China
Ming Portions of the Great Wall were constructed during this dynasty; these are the parts of the Great Wall we see today
Qin Emperor who ordered the construction of the Great Wall and the Terra Cotta army; he standardized writing and currency
Created by: MrsRidley
 

 



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