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American Govt Ch 1/2

QuestionAnswer
3/5 compromise all free persons should be counted, and also 3/5 of all other persons should be counted towards a state's population
Anti-Federalists opposed radification
articles of confederation first constitution of the US to unite the colonies
bicameral two-house legislature
charter a written grant of from the king
Connecticut Compromise made Congress bicameral
English Bill of Rights prohibited a standing army in peacetime, except with the consent of Parliment, and required that all parlimentary elections be free
Federalists favored radification
limited government a government that is limited in what they can do
Magna Carta the great charter, gave the people protection from arbitrary acts by the king
New Jersey Plan wouldve kept the unicameral Congress of Confederation, with each of the States equally represented
representative government government should serve the will of the people had also been developing in England for centuries
unicameral one house legislature
Virginia Plan called for new government with three separate branches: legislative, executive, and judicial
Mayflower Compact document drawn up by Pilgrim leaders in 1620 on the ship Mayflower stating that laws were to be made for the general good of the people.
Shay's Rebellion rebellion of angry farmers led by Daniel Shay emphasizing the need for a true national government.
Thomas Hobbes state of nature; protect themselves (self interest) humans rationally joined together to form a civil society
Declaration of Independence signed in 1776, it is a list of beliefs held by the colonists which stated their reasons for going to war with England
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 layout procedures and establishing govt in NW. models for organizing western territories later
Land Ordinance of 1785 procedures for surveying land, township six mi square. divided b 36 to give 640 acres.. one reserved for school income
Human rights Rights inherent in human beings, not dependent on gov., which include life, liberty, and persuit of happiness
Unitary government centralized government - local governments only have
Created by: gcowing