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Civil Rights

Civil Rights Movement of 1950's and 1960's

QuestionAnswer
Why did Americans feel that African Americans should have greater rights after WWII? African Americans had fought alongside white Americans during the war.
What did Progressive southern whites believe prevented the area from modernizing after WWII? Jim Crow institutions
Which president ordered desegregation of the military in 1948? President Harry S. Truman
Which Georgia governor did not want to allow African Americans into all-white schools? Governor Herman Talmadge
What was the motto of people (that came from the Plessy v. Ferguson lawsuit) who wished to keep segregation in place while trying to appease African Americans? Separate But Equal
What was the lawsuit Brown v. Board of Education about? Mr. Brown wanted his daughter to attend a white school that was closer to his home. This lawsuit challenged that separate but equal schools were inherently unequal.
What was the name of the African American man who took the Brown v. Board of Education case to the Supreme Court in 1954? Thurgood Marshall
What was the name of the document written by southern white members of the U.S. congress and senate attacking the Brown v. Board of Education decision? Southern Manifesto
How did the GA legislature show defiance for the Brown v. Board of Education decision? They changed the state flag by adding the Confederate battle flag.
Who were the two GA governors that claimed no black students would ever attend school with white students? Marvin Griffin & Ernest Vandiver
What was the name of the first African American to play major league baseball? Jackie Robinson
Who were the first two African Americans to be admitted to the University of Georgia? Hamilton Holmes & Charlayne Hunter
Why was Rosa Parks famous? She refused to sit in the back of the bus as required at that time.
What protest happened that was directly related to Rosa Parks? Montgomery Bus Boycott
What type of protest happened mainly at lunch counters of traditionally white restaurants? Sit-ins
Which Atlanta mayor worked to peacefully desegregate Atlanta schools in 1961? William B. Hartsfield
Which famous civil rights leader entered the Civil Rights Movement during the Montgomery Bus Boycott? Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
What organization did Dr. King and fellow ministers begin in Atlanta in 1957? The SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference)
What was the SCLC's position on fighting for Civil Rights? They advocated non-violent resistance.
Who was the president of Morehouse College who influenced Dr. King and other civil rights leaders? Dr. Benjamin May
Which group of African Americans were most involved in the civil rights movement? Young college age people
What was the name of the group formed by black and white students, including Julian Bond and John Lewis? SNCC (Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee)
In addition to sit-ins, what was the main way SNCC members brought attention to their causes? Freedom Rides
What was the Albany Movement? A group that formed to protest discrimination during efforts to register African American voters in Albany, GA.
What was the March on Washington? 250,000 black and white people who gathered in Washington to hear speakers and musicians who were in favor of greater rights for African Americans.
What was Dr. King's role in the March on Washington? He gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.
What was the Civil Rights Act of 1964? Legislation that made segregation and discrimination in public places illegal.
What types of discrimination deemed illegal by the Civil Rights Act? Discrimination based on race, religion, national origin, and gender
What group was established as part of the Civil Rights Act? The EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission)
What was the Voting Rights Act of 1965? Laws that made it illegal to use literacy tests and other methods to try to keep certain groups of people from voting.
What two changes took place because of the Voting Rights Act of 1965? Black voter registration increased as did the number of African Americans holding office.
Who was the first African American to serve in Congress since Reconstruction Andrew Young
What were some of the offices that were held by Andrew Young? Congressman, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N., and mayor of Atlanta.
What famous event did Andrew Young help bring to Atlanta? The 1996 Olympic Games
Which mayor of Atlanta was the first African American mayor in a major southern city? Maynard Jackson
What were some great things Maynard Jackson did for the city of Atlanta? Increased business opportunities for African Americans, led the addition of a new terminal at Hartsfield Airport, and helped Atlanta win the honor of hosting the Olympic Games.
Which major corporation was the first to work out a desegregation plan with the national government? Lockheed-Georgia
How did Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr., help desegregate Atlanta businesses? He hired black firefighters and gave black police officers the right to carry out their duties with all students.
What prestigious award did Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., win in 1964? The Nobel Peace Prize
Created by: kdcollins