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Mrs. D War of 1812

Based on class notes from the War of 1812

Who was the president of the US when the War of 1812 broke out? James Madison, the war was nicknamed "Madison's War"
Who was king of Great Britain when the War of 1812 broke out? King George III was technically still the president of England but due to mental illness, his son George, Prince of Whales (and later King George IV) ruled in his place.
Who was the leader in France at the time of the War of 1812? Napoleon
What were the causes of the War of 1812? violation of free trade, British helping Native Americans attack US citizens, "War Hawks" who encouraged the war.
Which cause of the war had to do with economics? British were stopping US ships bound for ports other than Britain. It effects our ability to make money from trade.
How did economics affect the outcome of the War of 1812? Fighting wars were expensive and both American and Britain didn't have enough money to keep fighting.
What was the Embargo Act of 1807? This act was meant to restrict trade with both Great Britain and France, hurting their economies. We hoped it would stop them from attacking our ships in neutral waters.
The British HMS Leopard fired on the American USS Chesapeake, captured and hung one of our men on board in June of 1807. What was the problem with this incident? We were not at war with Britain at the time, they had no right to attack us.
For the first time in American history we fought a war in two different "theaters" or places, what were they. Land and sea
Who were helping the Native Americans attack Americans on the western frontier? The British. They were supplying the Native Americans with guns and ammunition.
What battle was considered the turning point in the war? The battle of Fort McHenry
What did the citizens of Baltimore do to prevent the British from landing? They sunk ships in mouth of the harbor
Why did Americans struggle with early land battles during the War of 1812? Native Americans were helping the British
Americans won early battles on sea during the War of 1812. The British had one of the best navies in the world, how did we win? Many of Great Britain's ships were busy fighting France at the beginning of the War of 1812.
Why do we remember the boat the USS Constitution? It got the nickname "Old Ironsides" due to its copper siding, cannonballs seemed to bounce off its hull.
Why didn't New England support the war effort? Our economy was being hurt because we had many shipping companies that did business with Great Britain.
What happened on Aug. 24, 1814? The British marched on Washington DC and burned the Capitol building, President's house and the Treasury building.
What did Dolly Madison do during the burning of Washington DC? She rescued important documents and a painting of George Washington
During the battle of Fort McHenry, the fort was fired on for almost 24 hours straight, what do we call that? A cannonade
Where and when was the treaty signed to end the War of 1812? Gent, Belgium on Dec. 24, 1814
What is the name of the British flag? The Union Jack, it is a combination of the British and Scottish flags to show that they were united.
What famous song came out of the battle of Fort McHenry? Our national anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner"
What is a frigate? A mid-sized warship used during the 1800's
What was a positive outcome of the War of 1812? Our country had more national pride and respect from other countries.
Why was the president's house painted white originally, even though it didn't get the name "White House" until much later? To cover the burn marks from the fire.
What is an invasion? A military attack that involves going into the enemy territory.
What does it mean to desert? To quit military service without permission
What is a privateer? An armed ship owned by a private citizen, not the navy.
What does it mean to ambush? A surprise attack from a hidden position
What is a flotilla? A small fleet of ships.
What is an embargo? An official order that stops something from happening (usually imports and exports).
What is an anthem? A song that serves as a symbol of a nation.
What is a blockade? A way of fighting a war by not allowing enemy troops or supplies to enter or leave an area.
Created by: mdavis