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History Unit Test

Unit 10 Test 2/26/14

QuestionAnswer
The Temperance Movement spoke out against alcohol; this was because they believed that it had what kind of influence on American Society, and it directly led to what? Negative influence; led to mental illness, break up of families, and an increase in crime rate.
Who was Walt Whitman, and how did he contribute to the advancement of American literature? He was a poet and a writer. He was responsible for the creation of free verse style poems.
The Second Great Awakening had a major influence on society during this time period, why was this? Religious movement; They wanted to make society better. It opened the door to the reform movement.
Who were the three main women who were founding members of the Suffrage Movement? Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, and Susan B. Anthony
What role did the Hudson River School play in the development of American Art? They emphasized American landscape and nature
Why did reformers during this time period push for government funding of public education? They believed education was the key to equality and a better society
What were the 4 main reform movements during this time period? Temperance Movement, Women's Rights, Abolition, and Education
What segment of the population took an active role in the Reform Era? Women
How did the reform movement improve care for the disabled, this included both physical and mental? Treated as patients, not criminals; mental patients were put in hospitals, not prisons; there were schools started for the deaf and blind
What was the only achievement of the Women's Rights movement during this time period? Women earned the right to own property and better wages, and shorter work days.
What was a popular song in the North and South during this time period? North: Battle Hymn of the Republic South: Dixie
Fredrick Douglas was a leading abolitionist during this time period, how did he contribute to this movement? Published the North Star. Went around speaking against slavery.
Why was the temperance movement fully supported by the reform movement of the era? It had a negative effect on family, crime, and health.
Who was John James Audubon, and how did he contribute to the field of Science during this time period? Artist; created life sized paintings of all North American birds know at that time.
How did Henry David Thoreau exercise his belief in Civil Disobedience? He was put in jail for refusing to pay his taxes.
What was the main subject of American art and literature during this time period? Landscape and nature
The North Star, the Liberator, and Uncle Toms Cabin were all written concerning what subject? Slavery
What was the overall goal of the Women's Rights Movement? To give women the right to vote/ women's suffrage
Which group contribute the largest amount of immigrants to the U.S., and what was the major contributing factor to their immigration? Irish; Irish Potato Famine
What was the subject of the Seneca Falls Convention of 1848? Women's Rights
What were the push factors that led to immigration? Population growth, agricultural changes, religious and political turmoil, crop failures, and the Industrial Revolution.
What were the pull factors that led to immigration? Freedom, Economic opportunity, and abundant land.
Created by: eabowman