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Chapter 9

JS test

After the Jews were expelled out of Spain, where did they go? The Jews went to Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
Why was it important to the Jews that the Christian army slowly gained control of Spain? It was important because they treated the Jews more fairly than some other religions.
Why was it bad for the Jews that the Catholic Church gained power in Spain? It was bad because the church ordered all Jews killed or converted to Christianity.
What did the converted Jews do to keep Judaism alive? They practiced Judaism in secret.
What did the church officials do to converted Jews suspected of practicing Judaism? They tortured the Jews.
After the Spanish inquisition, where did the Jews go? They went to Portugal.
What happened when the Jews got to Portugal? They were kicked out.
What was it called when the Jews were kicked out of Portugal? It was called the Sephardic Diaspora.
Which empire took the Jews in, and what did they consider them? The Ottoman Empire considered Jews to be artisans and craftspeople.
What did the Jews get in return for paying special taxes? The Jews got protection from the Muslims.
What was the language called that the Jews developed? It was called Ladino.
What was the language that the Jews made a mix of? It was a mix of Turkish, Hebrew, and Spanish.
What did the Sephardic Jews think were the possible reasons they were thrown out? They thought it was either an act of God or it would return all Jews to Israel
What did the Ottoman Empire call the Jews? The were called dhimmi.
Who was Dona Gracia Nasi? She was was the greatest Sephardic Jew in her day.
Where did Dona Gracia Nasi escape from? She escaped from Portugal.
What was Dona Gracia Nasi's family business? Her family owned a bank.
Who was Shabbetai Zevi? He was the most famous false messiah ever.
Who was Shabbetai Zevi's most important follower? It was Nathan.
What did Shabbetai Zevi's most important follower do? He said he was the prophet Elijah.
Who was Baruch Spinoza? He was a philosopher.
What did Baruch Spinoza teach? He taught people to question religious ideas.
Why did people hate Baruch Spinoza? Because he questioned religious ideas.
What happened to Baruch Spinoza? He was excommunicated.
Who was Rabbi Joseph Caro? He was a rabbi who witnessed disagreements between Jews.
What did Rabbi Joseph Caro do? He published a book.
Created by: wes988