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Ch 10 Vocabulary

Chapter 10 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Alsace-Lorraine The Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lorraine, was a territory created by the German Empire in 1871 after it annexed most of Alsace and the Moselle region of Lorraine following its victory in the Franco-Prussian War.
Militarism the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
Western Front term used during the First and Second World Wars to describe the contested armed frontier between lands controlled by Germany to the east and the Allies to the west
Casualty a person who is killed or rendered unfit for service in a war
U-Boat military submarines operated by Germany, particularly in World War I and World War II
Lusitania an ancient Iberian Roman province including approximately all of modern Portugal south of the Douro river and part of modern Spain
Zimmerman Note a 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire for Mexico to join the Central Powers, in the event of the United States entering World War I on the side of the Entente Powers
Selective Service Act authorized the federal government to raise a national army for the American entry into World War I through conscription
CPI measures changes in the price level of a market basket of consumer goods and services purchased by households
George Creel an investigative journalist, a politician, and, most famously, the head of the United States Committee on Public Information, a propaganda organization created by President Woodrow Wilson during World War I
Conscentious Objector an "individual who has claimed the right to refuse to perform military service"[1] on the grounds of freedom of thought, conscience, and/or religion
Espionage Act intended to prohibit interference with military operations or recruitment, to prevent insubordination in the military, and to prevent the support of U.S. enemies during wartime on June 15, 1917
Great Migration the movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that lasted up until the 1960s
Convoy a group of vehicles, typically motor vehicles or ships, traveling together for mutual support and protection
Fourteen Points a statement given on the 8th of January, 1918 by United States President Woodrow Wilson declaring that World War I was being fought for a moral cause and calling for postwar peace in Europe
Self-Determination the process by which a country determines its own statehood and forms its own allegiances and government.
League of Nation an intergovernmental organisation founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War
Reparations measures taken by the state to redress gross and systematic violations of human rights law or humanitarian law
Irreconcilables A person, especially a member of a group, who will not compromise, adjust, or submit
Reservationists the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Influenza an infectious disease of birds and mammals caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae, the influenza viruses.
Inflation a persistent increase in the general price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time
Red Scare the promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism, used by anti-leftist proponents
Palmer Raids attempts by the United States Department of Justice to arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States
Creditor Nation A country whose assets owned abroad are worth more than the assets within the country that are owned by foreigners. Contrasts with debtor nation.
Created by: cameronbal70