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What was the economy like during this period? Nation's wealth more than doubled, chain stores opened, lower prices for goods, growth in consumer goods, & Stock Market (Bull Market)
Why was the economy like this? It was an era of dramatic social and political change. More people moved to cities rather than on farms. It was like this due to WWI.
Buying on Credit Allowed people to "buy now and pay later"
Advertising People from coast to coast bought the same goods which increased the sale of consumer goods.
Impact of automobile More affordable due to the assembly line. Also, could buy now and pay later. The suburbs also grew as the number of jobs increased.
Warren Harding "Return to Normalcy" - Republican - voted into office in 1920. Economy - Recession. Stopped turning out war materials and 2 million soldiers were looking for jobs & Political scandals.
Calvin Coolidge The Business of America is business -Took office after Harding died(1923-1929). Economy- Booming. Repaired Damage from scandals, cut taxes on businesses, factories switched to consumer goods, quantity goods doubled, buy on credit, & stock Mkt (Bull Mkt).
Nativism/Quotas The belief that those born in a country are superior to immigrants. Anti-Foreign feeling Limited the amount of immigrants from E. Europe, Asia, etc.
Red Scare Fear of Communism.
Sacco & Vanzetti Trial Two Italian Immigrants convicted of robbery and murder. There was little evidence against them, but they were still executed. Many believed they were anarchists.
Kellogg-Briand Pact 1928 - Called for outlawing the war. It was originally signed by the US and 14 other nations. It was ineffective because there was no way to enforce peace.
Isolationism A national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs.
18th Amendment Made it illegal to make, distribute, or transport liquor (Prohibition).
Was the 18th Amendment effective? No, government did not have enough money to enforce an unpopular law
Speakeasies Illegal Bars
Rise of Organized Crime Allowed for the Growth of the Mafia when the 18th Amendment was implemented.
21st Amendment Reversed Prohibition (1933)
Harlem Renaissance Place in NY that has become the largest black community and celebrated a number of African American people and culture. They protested discrimination.
Langston Hughes Poet
Zora Neale Hurston Writer
Louis Armstrong Jazz musician - Trumpeter
Duke Ellington Pianist and composer
Bessie Smith Singer
Fads Activity or fashion that is popular but short-lived (Ex: Flag pole sitting, gold fish eating contest, & puzzles)
Radio/Movies People listened to news and entertainment. As well as watched black/white and silent shows.
Sports Babe Ruth - played baseball for the NY Yankees
Charles Lindbergh "Lucky Lindy" - First to fly non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean
19th Amendment Gave women the right to vote.
Flappers A young woman of the 1920s who defied conventions in her behavior and dress.
Scopes Trial A teacher willing to challenge the law. He was found guilty and fined $100 because he was teaching evolution.
Created by: desilva13