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What is feedback? any information received by the learner as a result of a movement
Feedback can be used to... ...correct errors or mistakes, reinforce correct movement aid its retention and to motivate the learner
Types of feedback can be paired into... intrinsic-extrinsic, concurrent-terminal and positive-negative
Other forms of feedback include... delayed, kinaesthetic, knowledge of results (KR) and knowledge of performance (KP)
Intrinsic feedback is... ...information about movements that comes from the sensory systems in muscles, tendons and ligaments (proprioceptors) within the body. AKA internal feedback
The more experience and skilful you become... ... the more able you are to use intrinsic and kinaesthetic feedback
Extrinsic feedback is the... information about movement that the performer receives from outside of themselves.
Extrinsic feedback can come from... coaches and teachers verbally or visually, teammates and spectators
Extrinsic feedback is most often used with... beginners in the cognitive-associative stage of learning
Terminal feedback is given to the performer after the completion of the movement.
If the feedback is delayed, it is known as... delayed feedback
Concurrent feedback is feedback given to the performer during the movement
Concurrent feedback can occur through kinaesthesia and is constant during the performance even if performer is unaware or unable to deal with the quantity.
Positive Feedback is praise and acknowledgement of a correct or successful action
Positive feedback is designed to... reinforce the correct action and motivate the learner to repeat the action in the future
Positive feedback can become demotivating if.. it is not balanced thus giving the performer a false impression of how successful they are being
Negative feedback is external information about how a movement was incorrect or could have been better, aka critical comments
Negative feedback can be used more if the performer is... experienced, confident or motivated
Delayed feedback allows the player to reflect on their performance or to calm down after a period of high emotion
Knowledge of results is feedback in the form of information about how successful the movement was in accomplishing the task
Knowledge of results is based around tangible evidence and scores/times
Knowledge of performance is information given as feedback as to how well the movement was performed, regardless if the end result
knowledge of performance can be provided through... visual means such as slow-motion replays and images to allow performer to get an idea of how close they were to the ideal model
Created by: tomhall