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History Ch. 15-17

Progressive Era Ch. 15, 16, 17

Teddy Roosevelt 26th President in 1901, Square Deal Program
Square Deal Program of reforms to keep the wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of the poor.
Hepburn Act 1906 Law that gave the gov. the authority to set railroad rates and maximum prices for ferries, bridge tolls, and oil pipelines.
Meat Inspection Act 1906 Law, Fed Gov.could inspect meat sold across state lies, required Fed. inspection of meat processing plants
Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 Law that allowed Fed. Inspection of food and medicine, banned interstate shipment of impure food and medicine
John Muir helped find the Sierra club, Wild forest protection advocate
Gifford Pinchot Recommended that the Forests be kept for public use
National Reclamation Act 1902 Law, gave Fed. Gov. the power to decide where and how water would be distributed with dams and irrigation projects
New Nationalism Pres. TR's plan to restore the government's trust busting power
Progressive Party Political party that split the Republican party in 1912 during the Taft/TR battle
Imperialism political, military, and economic domination of strong nations over weaker territories
extractive economy economy in a colony where the colonized country remove raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its own economy.
Alfred T. Mahan a military historian and an officer in the United States Navy.
Social Darwinism The belief that some races are superior to others.
What caused the frontier to close, according to F.J.T.? It had been closed by gradual settlement in the 19th century.
Where did M.P. sail a fleet of American warships? Into present-day Tokyo Bay, Japan.
What did Queen Liliuokalani resent about the white planters? The increasing power of the white planters, who owned much of the Hawaiian land
16th amendment 1913 constitutional amendment that gave congress the authority to levy an incoming tax.
federal reserve act 1913 law that placed national banks under the control of a federal reserve bond, which runs regional banks that hold the reserve funds from commercial banks, sets interest rates, and supervises commecial banks.
Federal Trade Commission government agency established in 1914 to identify monopolistic business practices, false advertising, and dishonest labeling.
clayton anti-trust act 1914 law that strengthened the Sherman antitrust act.
Woodrow Wilson 28th President, Democrat, beat Taft, A new freedom, 16th amendment, Federal reserve, Federal trade
Margret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic
Ida Wells an african american journalist
new freedom Wilson's program to place government controls on corporations in order to benefit small business
americanization belief that assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens
settlement houses communtity center organized at the turn of the twentieth century to provide social services to the urban poor
NAACP interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for african americans
Upton Sinclair a famous author who wrote many genres
Jacob Riis a photo journalist that took pictures of the despicable conditions of the slums in the 1900's.
Open Door Policy Policy that proposed to keep China open to trade with all countries on an equal basis; thus, no international power would have total control of the country.
Stick Policy foreign policy: "speak softly, and carry a big stick"
Wilson's Moral Diplomacy the system in which support is given only to countries whose moral beliefs are analogous to that of the nation.
Spanish-American War conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States, the result of American intervention in the Cuban War of Independence.
Philippine War an armed military conflict between the people of the Philippines and Spanish colonial authorities
Federal Reserve Act of 1913 created and set up the central banking system of the United States of America, and granted it the legal authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes, now commonly known as the U.S. Dollar, and Federal Reserve Bank Notes as legal tender.
Created by: grantham10