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Chapter 9 Vocabulary

Mrs. Hunt U.S. History Ch. 9 Vocabulary

1.) Imperialism When a powerful country or territory takes over a smaller and weaker territory in order to expand their region
2.) Extractive Economy economy where the colonizing country removes raw materials and ships them back home to better its own economy
3.) Social Darwinism belief that certain nations and races were more superior to others and therefore destined to control them in the 19th century
4.) Yellow Press newspapers that used interesting headlines and entertaining stories in order to promote readership
5.) Jingoism the belief that your country is always right and who are in favor of aggressive acts against other countries
6.) Rough Riders group of men, including westerners and upper class easterners who fought in the Spanish-American War
7.) Treaty of Paris agreement signed by the United States and Spain in 1898, which ended the Spanish-American War
8.) Insurrection rebellion
9.) Guerilla Warfare hit-and-run attacks generally involving small bands of fighters
10.) Sphere of Influence region controlled by an outside power
11.) Boxer Rebellion violence started in China, which prompted American and European troops to go in and stop the rebellion
12.) Open Door Policy American statement declaring that we didn't want colonies in China but we did want free trade there
13.) Russo Japanese War war between Japan and Russia in 1904, which was the result of Russian troops in Manchuria
14.) "Gentlemen's Agreement" pact between Japan and the United States to end segregation of Asian immigrants in public schools. In return, limit the flow of Asian immigrants
15.) Great White Fleet battleships send by Roosevelt on a "good will cruise" around the world
16.) Foraker Act a law that established civil government in Puerto Rico
17.) Platt Amendment Cuba's set conditions that granted them independence in 1902, which included restrictions on rights of Cubans, etc.
18.) "Big Stick Diplomacy" Roosevelt's policy of creating and using American military to achieve goals
19.) Panama Canal waterway connecting the Atlantic and Pacific across the Isthmus of Panama
20.) Roosevelt Corollary Roosevelt's reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine to keep the eastern hemisphere free from intervention of Europeans
21.) "Dollar Diplomacy" Taft's policy to expand American investments
22.) "Moral Diplomacy" Wilson's statement that America will not use force to impact the world, but would promote human rights instead