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Chapter 9 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
imperialism political, military, and economic domination of strong nations over weaker territories
extractive economy economy in a colony where the colonizing country removed raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its own economy
social darwism the belief held by some in the late 19th century that certain nations and races were superior to others and therefore destined to rule over them
yellow press newspapers that used sensational headlines and exaggerated stories in order to promote readership
jingoism aggressive nationalism
rough riders group of men, consisting of rugged westerners and upper class easterners who fought during the spanish-american war
treaty of paris an agreement signed by the united states and spain in 1898, which officially ended the spanish-american war
insurrection rebellion
guerrilla warfare form of non-traditional warfare generally involving hit-and-run attacks by small bands of fighters
sphere of influence a region dominated and controlled by and outside power
boxer rebellion violence started by members of a secret society in china, which prompted the gov't's of europe and america to send troops to squash the rebellion
open door policy american statement that the gov't did not want colonies in china, but favored free trade there
russo-japanese war a war between japan and russia in 1904 over the presence of russian troops in manchuria
gentlemen's agreement pact between the united states and japan to end segregation of asian children in san francisco public schools; in return, japan agreed to limit the immigration of its citizens to the united states
great white fleet battleships sent by roosevelt in 1907 on a good will cruise around the world
foraker act law establishing a civil gov't in puerto rico
platt amendment set of conditions under which cuba was granted independence in 1902, including restrictions on rights of cubans and granting to the u.s. the right to intervene to preserve order in cuba
big stick diplomacy roosevelt's policy of creating and using, when necessary, a strong military to achieve america's goals
panama canal human-made waterway linking the atlantic to the pacific across the isthmus of panama
roosevelt corollary president roosevelt's reassertion of monroe doctrine to keep the western hemisphere free from intervention by european powers
dollar diplomacy president taft's policy of expanding american investments abroad
moral diplomacy woodrow wilson's statement that the u.s. would not use force to assert influence in the world, but would instead work to promote human rights
Created by: cameronbal70