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Chapter 9 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
1. Imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
2. Extractive Economy economy in a colony where the colonizing counyry removed raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its own economy
3. Social Darwinism the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals.
4. Yellow Press is a type of journalism that presents little or no legitimate well-researched news and instead uses eye-catching headlines to sell more newspapers.
5. Jingoism extreme patriotism, esp. in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy
6. Rough Riders a person who breaks in or can ride unbroken horses
7. Treaty of Paris was a treaty between Louis IX of France and Henry III of England, agreed to on December 4, 1259 ending 100 years of conflicts between Capetian and Plantagenet dynasties.
8. Insurrection a violent uprising against an authority or government
9. Guerrilla Warfare form of non-traditional warfare generally involving hit-and-run attacks by small bands of fighters
10. Sphere of Influence a country or area in which another country has power to affect developments although it has no formal authority.
11. Boxer Rebellion was a violent movement by the Righteous Harmony Society in China between 1899 and 1901. It expressed proto-nationalist sentiments and tried to eradicate opposing foreign imperialism and Christian missions.
12. Open Door Policy the policy of granting equal trade opportunities to all countries
13. Russo-Japanese War Japanese victory in the war with Russia (1904-1905) gave Japan power over Korea and Manchuria
14. "Gentleman's Agreement" an arrangement or understanding which is based upon the trust of both or all parties, rather than being legally binding
15. Great White Fleet was the popular nickname for the United States Navy battle fleet that completed a circumnavigation of the globe from 16 December 1907 to 22 February 1909 by order of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt.
16. Foraker Act is a United States federal law that established civilian government on the island of Puerto Rico, which had recently become a possession of the United States
17. Platt Amendment was an amendment to the military appropriations bill, constrained by the earlier Teller Amendment that forbade annexation of Cuba
18. "Big Stick Diplomacy" refers to U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy: "speak softly, and carry a big stick.
19. Panama Canal a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
20. Roosevelt Corollary is a corollary to the Monroe Doctrine that was articulated by President Theodore Roosevelt in his State of the Union Address in 1904.
21. "Dollar Diplomacy" the use of a country's financial power to extend its international influence
22. "Moral Diplomacy" is a form of Diplomacy proposed by US President Woodrow Wilson in his 1912 election. Moral Diplomacy is the system in which support is given only to countries whose moral beliefs are analogous to that of the nation.
Created by: erin_casey