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Chapter 10

World War I and Beyond

TermDefinition
1. militarism glorification of the military
2. Western Front battle front between the Allies and the Central powers in Europe during World War I
3. casualty soldiers killed, wounded, and missing
4. contraband supplies captured from an enemy during wartime
5. U-boat German submarine
6. Lusitania British passenger liner sunk by a German U-boat during World War I
7. Zimmerman note a telegram written by German Foreign Minister Zimmerman proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico against the United States during World War I
8. Selective Service Act act passed by Congress in 1917 authorizing a draft of men for military service
9. Committee on Public Information (CPI) government agency created during World War I to encourage Americans to support the war
10. conscientious objector person whose morals or religious beliefs forbid him or her to fight in wars
11. Espionage Act act passed by Congress in 1917 enacting severe penatlies for anyone engaged in disloyal or treasonable activties
12. Great Migration movement of African Americans in the twentieth century from the rural South to the industrial North
13. convoy group of merchant ships sailing together, protected by war ships
14. Fourteen Points list of terms for resolving World War I and future wars outlined by American President Woodrow Wilson
15. self-determination the right of people to choose their own form of government
16. League of Nations world organizations established after World War I to promote peaceful cooperation between countries
17. reparations payment for war damages
18. "irreconilables" isolationist senators who opposed any treaty ending World War I that had a League of Nations folded into it
19. "reservationists" a group of Senators, led by Henry Cabot Lodge, who opposed the Treaty of Versailles to end WWI, unless specific changes were included
20. influenza flu virus
21. inflation rising prices
22. Red Scare fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life
23. Palmer Raids the series of raids in the early 1920s initiated by Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, against suspected radicals and communists
24. creditor nation country which is owed more money by other countries than it owes other countries
25. Alsace-Lorraine the territory France lost during the conflict in 1971, that they are now trying to gain back
26. George Creel director of the CPI
Created by: xMarinnax97