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Chapter 9

An Emerging World Power

1. imperialism political, military, and economic domination of strong nations over weaker territories
2. extractive economy economy in a colony where the colonizing country removed raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its economy
3. Social Darwinism the belief held by some in the late nineteenth century that certain nations and races were superior
4. Yellow Press newspapers that used sensational headlines and exaggerated stories in order to promote readership
5. jingoism aggresive nationalism and inflamed relations with Spain
6. Rough Riders group of men, consisting of rugged westerners and upper class easterners who fought during the Spanish-American War
7. Treaty of Paris an agreement signed by the United States and Spain in 1898, which officially ended the Spanish-American Wat
8. insurrection rebellion
9. guerilla warfare form of non-traditional warfare generally involving hit-and-run attacks by small bands of fighters
10. sphere of influence a region dominated and controlled by an outside power
11. Boxer Rebellion violence started by members of a secret society in China, which prompted the governments of Europe and America to send troops to squash the rebellion
12. Open Door Policy American statement that the government did not want colonies in China, but favored free trade there
13. "Gentleman's Agreement" pact between the United States and Japan to end segregation of Asian children in San Francisco public schools. In return, Japan agreed to limit the immigration of its citizens to the United States
14 Great White Fleet battleships sent by Roosevelt in 1907 on a "good will cruise" around the world
15. Foraker Act law establishing a civil government in Puerto Rico
16. Platt Amendment set of conditions under which Cuba was granted independence in 1902, including restrictions on rights of Cubans and granting the U.S. the "right to intervene" to preserve order in Cuba
17. "big stick" diplomacy Theodore Roosevelt's policy of creating and using, when necessary, a strong military to achieve America's goals
18. Panama Canal human-made waterway linking the Atlantic to the Pacific across the Isthmus of Panama
19. Roosevelt Corollary President Theodore Roosevelt's reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine to keep the Western Hemisphere free from intervention by European powers
20. "dollar diplomacy" President Taft's policy of expanding American investments abroad
21. "moral diplomacy" Woodrow Wilson's statement that the U.S. would not use force to assert influence in the world, but would instead work to promote human rights
22. Russo-Japanese War a war between Japan and Russia in 1904 over the presence of Russian troops in Manchuria
Created by: xMarinnax97