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HIST 112 CH19&20

The New South -no longer run by the planter aristocracy and no longer dependent upon slave labor -wanted agricultural development & better education to diversify and grow the South’s economy
Economic Growth in the New South -expansion of textile industry(cotton) -tobacco and cig production increased
Tobacco & Cigs -the Duke family perfected mass production of cigs and bought out 3/4 of all tobacco production -1911 found in violation of Sherman Trust Act
Sharecroppers -worked in an owners land in return for seed, fertilizer, supplies and a share of the crop
Tenants -were entitled to a bigger share of the crop
Crop-lien System -nearby merchants gave supplies to small farm owners in return for liens (mortgages) on their future crops
Sharecroppers and Crop-lien System place a... staple on “cash crop” because it could be readily sold upon harvesting
Redeemers -the supporters of post war Democratic leaders after Reconstruction -supposedly saved the South from Yankee domination and from the dominantly rural economy
Redeemers consisted of who? -lawyers -merchants -entrepreneurs who would eager to promote a more diversified economy based on advancements
Bourbons -opponents of the Redeemers -tolerated blacks in politics but still enforced segregation -reconciled tradition with innovation
The New West -settlements exploitation of land continued -west was known for the American Dream but also greed and irresponsible behavior
The Migratory System -migrants flowed heavily from the Indian and Hispanic West -most immigrants from Canada and Northern Europe
Exodusters African Americans that migrated to the west because they were making exodus from the South in search of haven from racism and poverty
The Indian Wars -1864 Colorado’s government told the Indians to gather at Fort Lyon on Sand Creek for guaranteed protection -Colonel John M Chivington attacked -
The Sioux -settled in the Black Hills reservation in Dakota territory -won the Great Sioux War, led by Sitting Bull
Colonel George A. Custer -led an expedition into the black hills which created the Great Sioux War
Dawes Severity Act divided tribal lands and gave the Indians more land
The End of the Frontier -Frederick Jackson Turner said the free lands continuous recession and Americans western settlement explains Americas development
Problems in Cities -new inventions lured people in search of opportunity and freedom -lack of housing cause vertical growth of cities -bad living conditions effected people's health
City Envrionments -overflowing with garbage, animal remains and dirt, contaminated water and disease -"sanitary reformers" tried to help by banishing hogs and cattle -garbage was dumped into waterways which led to the development of public water, sewer systems,& toilets
Contract Labor Act of 1864 government helped pay immigrants passage in exchange for cheap labor
Ellis Island island off of NJ coast that let immigrants in
Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882 restricted immigration of the basis of race and class, shut the Chinese out for 10 years
Saloon Culture -popular for the urban working class -people were able to seek companionship
Popular Culture -more recreational activities -widely attended politics and labor union meetings -wild west shows and spectator sports
Social Darwinism -called for a hands off government policy to help weed out the weak
Reform Darwinism -factored in the human brain and emotions -people would help out others in need
Created by: 100001067202516