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Chapter 3 U.S.

Colonial Life

TermDefinition
Planter A person who owns 20 or more slaves. Highest in Southern society
cash crop a crop grown primarily for profit
plantation a large, commercial, agricultural estate
indentured servant an individual who contracts to work for a colonist for a specified number of years in exchange for transportation to the colonies, food, clothing, and shelter
gentry wealthy landowners in the South, also called the planter elite
subsistence farming farming only enough food to feed one's family
middle passage the difficult journey slaves endured in crossing the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas
slave codes a set of laws that formally regulated slavery and defined the relationship between enslaved Africans and free people
town meetings a gathering of free men in a New England town to elect leaders which developed into the local town government
selectmen men chosen to manage a town's affairs
bill of exchange credit slip given by English merchants to planters in exchange for sugar or other goods
triangular trade a three- way trade route that exchanged goods between the American colonies and two other trading partners
artisan a skilled worker who practices a trade or handicraft
entrepreneur one who recognizes, manages, and assumes the risks of a business or enterprise
capitalist person who invests wealth, particularly money, in a business
mercantilism the theory that a state's power depends on its wealth
natural rights fundamental rights all people are born possessing, including the right to life, liberty, and property
enlightenment movement during the 1700s that promoted science, knowledge, and reason
Created by: ruthielafaye
 

 



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