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Chapter 8 Vocabulary

mrs. Hunt U.S. History Ch. 8 Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
1.) Progressivism movement that responded to the industry pressures of industrialization
2.) Muckraker writer who uncovered and exposed misconduct in business or politics
3.) Social Gospel reform movement that emerged to improve society by applying Christian principles
4.) Settlement Houses community houses organized to provide social services to the poor
5.) Direct Primary citizens vote for nominees for upcoming elections
6.) Initiative a proposed new law at the ballet placed there by citizens
7.) Referendum process that allows citizens to approve or reject laws
8.) Recall process by which voters can remove elected officials from office
9.) NCL 1899, investigated the conditions with which goods were made and sold and to promote safe conditions for work and low wages
10.) Temperance Movement movement aimed at stopping alcohol abuse and the resulting problems
11.) Suffrage the right to vote
12.) NAWSA 1890, worked on both national and state levels to give women the right to vote
13.) Nineteenth Amendment constitutional amendment that gave women the right to vote
14.) Americanization assimilating immigrants into our society would make them loyal citizens
15.) Niagara Movement 1905, group of African Americans that pushed for voting and educational reforms
16.) NAACP 1909, abolished segregation and discrimination and to achieve rights for African Americans
17.) Urban League network of churches and clubs that helped African Americans settle and find work in the cities
18.) Mutualistas mexican group that made loans and provided legal assistance to members of their community
19.) Square Deal Roosevelt's program of reforms keeping the wealthy from taking advantage of the smaller businesses
20.) Hepburn Act 1906, a law passed to give government the ability to set railroad rates and prices for ferries
21.) Meat Inspection Act 1906, a law passed that allowed the government to inspect meat sold past state lines
22.) Pure Food and Drug Act 1906, law allowing inspection of food and medicines that banned interstate shipment
23.) National Reclamation Act 1902, law giving the federal government the power to decide where and how water is distributed by dams
24.) New Nationalism Roosevelt's plan to recover the governments trustbusting power
25.) Progressive Party 1912, party that emerged from the Taft-Roosevelt battle that split the Republican party
26.) New Freedom Wilson's program to place government controls on cooperations in order to benefit small businesses
27.) Sixteenth Amendment 1913, gave Congress the authority to levy and income tax
28.) Federal Reserve Act 1913, law passed for national banks to be under the control of the federal reserve board
29.) Federal Trade Commission 1914, identify monopolistic business practices, false advertising, etc.
30.) Clayton Antitrust Act 1914, law strengthening the Sherman Antitrust Act