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Chapter 12 Vocab

US History

TermDefinition
John Quincy Adams 6th president of the US
Andrew Jackson 7th president of the US
Jacksonian democracy idea of spreading political power to all the people and ensuring majority rule
spoils system the practice of giving government jobs to political backers
Sequoya invented a writing system for the Cherokee language without ever having learned to read or write in any other language
Indian Removal Act 1830 called for the government to negotiate treaties that would require Native Americans to relocate west
Indian Territory now Oklahoma and parts of Kansas Nebraska where indians were moved
Trail of Tears the harsh journey of the Cherokee from their homeland to Indian Territory
Osceola a Seminole leader in Flordia
John C. Calhoun John Quincy Adams' vice president
Tariff of Abominations an 1828 law that raised the tariffs on raw materials and manufactured goods; it upset Southerners who felt that economic interests of the Northeast were determining national economic policy
doctrine of nullification a right of a state to reject a federal law that it considers unconstitutional
Webster-Hayne debate an 1830 debate between Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne over the doctrine of nullification
Daniel Webster a senator from Massachusetts and the most powerful speaker of his time
secession withdrawal from the Union
inflation increase in prices and decrease in the value of money
Martin Van Buren elected president in 1836 8th president of the US
Panic of 1837 a financial crisis in which banks closed and the credit system collapsed
depression a severe economic slump
Whig Party a political party organized in 1834 to oppose the policies of Andrew Jackson
William Henry Harrison 9th President of the US
John Tyler vice-president until William Henry Harrison died and then became the 10th President
Created by: s0205202