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Chapter 11 Vocab

US History

TermDefinition
Samuel Slater built the first successful water-powered textile mill in America
Industrial Revolution factory machines replaced hand tools, and large-scale manufacturing replaced farming as the main form of work
factory system brought many workers and machines together under one roof
Lowell mills first textile mill to employ farm girls who lived in company-owned boardinghouses
interchangeable parts parts that are exactly alike
Robert Fulton in 1807, he invented the steamboat
Samuel F. B. Morse in 1837, first demonstrated his telegraph
Eli Whitney he first invented the cotton gin in 1793 and in 1801, invented the idea of interchangeable parts
cotton gin made the cotton-cleaning process far more efficient
spirituals religious folk songs
Nat Turner led the most famous slave rebellion in Virginia in 1831
nationalism a feeling of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward your country
Henry Clay a representative from Kentucky who was a strong nationist
American System a 3 part plan promoted by Henry Clay 1. establish a protective tariff 2. establish a national bank 3. improve the country's transportation systems
Erie Canal completed in 1825, created a water route between NYC and Buffalo, NY
James Monroe a Democratic-Republican who won presidency in 1816 becoming the 5th president of the US
sectionalism loyalty to the interests of your own region or section of the country, rather than to the nation as a whole
Missouri Compromise passed in 1820, allowed Maine to enter the US as a free state but Missouri to be a slave state and prohibited slavery above the 36 30' parallel
Monroe Doctrine a policy of US opposition to any European interference in the Western Hemisphere, announced by President Monroe in 1823
Created by: s0205202