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Chapter 1 Vocabulary

US History

TermDefinition
joint-stock company business in which investors pool their wealth in order to turn a profit
charter written contract issued by a government giving the holder the right to establish a colony
Jamestown first permanent English settlement in North America
John Smith a soldier and adventurer that took control of Jamestown, he also persuaded the Powhatten tribe to trade corn to the colonists
indentured servant a person who sold his or her labor in exchange for passage to America
House of Burgesses created in 1619, the first representative assembly in the American colonies
Bacon's Rebellion a revolt against powerful colonial authority in Jamestown by Nathaniel Bacon and a group of landless frontier settlers that resulted in the burning of Jamestown in 1676
pilgrims a member of the group that rejected the Church of England sailed to America, and founded the Plymouth Colony in 1620
Mayflower Compact an agreement established by the men who sailed to America on the Mayflower, which called for laws for the good of the colony and set fourth the idea of self-government
Puritans a member of a group from England that settled the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and sought to reform the practices of the Church of England
Great Migration the movement of Puritans from England to establish settlements
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut set of laws that were established in 1639 by a Puritan congregation who had settled in the Connecticut Valley and that expanded the idea of representative government
Roger Williams founded the first Baptist church in America
Anne Hutchunson believed that a person could worship God without the help of a church, minister or Bible
King Phillip's War 1675-1664 the Puritan colonies fought a brutal war with the Native Americans
Peter Stuyvesant the new governor of the colony of New Netherland from 1647-1664
patroon a person who brought 50 settlers to New Netherland and in return received a large land grant and other special privileges
Duke of York King Charles 12nd decided that his brother should drive the Dutch out of New Netherland
proprietary colony a colony with a single owner
William Penn became another large landowner in America and was born into a wealthy English family
Quakers a person who believed all people should live in peace and harmony; accepted different religions and ethnic groups
royal colony a colony ruled by governors appointed by a king
James Oglethorpe in 1732 he founded Georgia as a refuge for debtors
Created by: s0205202