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Unit 4 Part 2: WWII

World War II Study Guide

What were some causes of WWII? -The German depression AFTER World War I. -The Treaty of Versailles was too harsh on Germany. -Hitler's actions of invading Poland in 1939 -Failure of Appeasement
Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Germany? Germany invaded Poland
What single event forced the U.S. to enter WWII? The bombing of Pearl Harbor on Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941 by Japan.
Who were the Axis Powers during WWII? Germany, Italy, and Japan
Who were the Allied Powers during WWII? U.S., Great Britain, and the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R.)
What is "island hopping?" A military strategy used by Allied forces to select specific islands on the Pacific Ocean near Japan that would serve as bases throughout the Pacific Theater. This strategy allowed Allied Powers to get near the enemy.
What is the definition of "appeasement?" Avoiding war by meeting demands of a threatening nation.
How did the use of atomic bombs affect the results of WWII? Japan was forced to surrender.
What was "D-day?" The day the Allies landed and took back the beaches of Normandy, France.
Dictators caused concern in the 1930s, why was this a concern? Dictators often planed to attack and conquer other countries.
Which of the following defines a "nation-state?" A state whose citizens share a common identity; such as history, traditions and language.
What happened to Japanese Americans during WWII? Japanese-Americans were placed in internment camps.
How did the lives of many women and African-Americans change DURING WWII? Their lives created new opportunities for them; such as jobs.
What occupation were women NOT allowed to serve as? Soldiers
What happened to women AFTER WWII? Many women were forced to leave their jobs once the men returned from war.
What were some efforts completed by Americans on the homefront during WWII? -Children collected pots, pans, and other scrap metal objects to be made into weapons. -Americans car pooled or rode bicycles to work to save gasoline for the war. -Victory Gardens were grown to feed American families -Rationing food and supplies.
What invention was NOT developed or improved during WWII? the radio
Why did President Truman decide to use the atomic bom He hoped it would make an invasion unnecessary, save American lives, and force Japan to surrender.
What were the effects of WWII on the U.S.?
Created by: portiavjohnson