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USH: Ch 6 and Ch 7

New South, Westward Expansion, Gilded Age

TermDefinition
FACTORS OF PRODUCTION RESOURCES, LABOR, CAPITAL
CAPITAL FUNDS TO INVEST
BOLL WEEVIL PEST WHICH DESTROYS COTTON CROP
CIVIL WAR AMENDMENTS 13TH, 14TH, 15TH
13TH AMENDMENT ABOLISHES SLAVERY
14TH AMENDMENT GRANTS CITIZENSHIP AND EQUAL PROTECTION UNDER THE LAW
15TH UNIVERSAL MALE SUFFRAGE
KU KLUX KLAN SOCIETY THAT USED INTIMIDATION AND VIOLENCE AGAINST AFRICAN AMERICANS AND OTHERS
NATIVE AMERICANS THIS GROUP CONSIDERED THEMSELVES PART OF NATURE AND CONSIDERED NATURE SACRED
WHITES THIS GROUP SAW NATURE AS A RESOURCE FOR WEALTH
RESERVATION SPECIFIC AREAS SET ASIDE FOR NATIVE AMERICANS
SAND CREEK MASSACRE, BATTLE OF LITTLE BIG HORN, WOUNDED KNEE CONFLICTS BETWEEN NATIVE AMERICANS AND GOVERNMENT
GOLD AND SILVER RESOURCES THAT CAUSED WESTWARD MIGRATION
POLL TAX TAX REQUIRED TO VOTE
LITERACY TEST A REQUIREMENT TO IMPEDE VOTING: (EXAMPLE FROM LOUISIANA)“Write every other word in this first line and print every third word in same line but capitalize the fifth word that you write.”
UNDERSTANDING CLAUSE A REQUIREMENT TO IMPEDE VOTING
GRANDFATHER CLAUSE VOTING REQUIREMENT USED TO ELIMINATE AFRICAN AMERICAN FROM VOTING; IF A VOTER could show descent from someone who was eligible to vote before 1867 (when only whites could vote)
JIM CROW LAWS DE JURE SEGREGATION; BLACK CODES; SEGREGATION BY LAW
DE JURE SEGREGATION SEGREGATION BY LAW
DE FACTO SEGREGATION UNWRITTEN, BUT PRACTICED, SEGREGATION (HOUSING, JOBS, ETC)
PLESSY V FERGUSON SUPREME COURT CASE THAT UPHELD DE JURE SEGREGATION
BOOKER T WASHINGTON AFRICAN AMERICAN LEADER WHO ESTABLISHED TUSKEGEE INSTITUTE; BELIEVED EDUCATION WAS ANSWER TO BUILDING ECONOMIC POWER; "PULL YOURSELF UP BY THE BOOTSTRAPS"
W.E.B. DU BOIS AFRICAN AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER WHO BELIEVED BLACKS SHOULD DEMAND FULL AND IMMEDIATE EQUALITY
CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT PROHIBITED CHINESE FROM ENTERING US; WHITES WANTED TO LIMIT IMMIGRATION - FEARED ASIANS WERE TAKING "WHITE JOBS"
SUSAN B ANTHONY LEADER OF WOMEN'S RIGHTS MOVEMENT; WAS ARRESTED FOR VOTING IN NEW YORK "CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE"
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON LEADER OF WOMEN'S RIGHTS; ESTABLISHED NATIONAL WOMAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION WITH SUSAN B ANTHONY
WOMEN'S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION (WCTU) GROUP THAT FORMED TO BAN THE SALE OF LIQUOR
TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT TO BAN THE SALE OF LIQUOR
JOSEPH KEPPLER POLITICAL CARTOONIST "BOSSES OF THE SENATE"
THOMAS NAST POLITICAL CARTOONIST "BOSS TWEED" (A POWERFUL NEW YORK CITY POLITICIAN)
SPOILS SYSTEM SYSTEM OF GIVING JOBS TO POLITICAL SUPPORTERS (NOT ILLEGAL, BUT MADE GOVERNMENT INEFFICIENT, AND POSSIBLY CORRUPT)
TARIFFS REPUBLICANS SUPPORTED THIS TAX BECAUSE THEY FELT IT PROTECTED AMERICAN INDUSTRIES FROM COMPETITION; DEMOCRATS FELT IT HURT THE CONSUMER AND FARMERS
MONETARY POLICY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT'S PLAN FOR THE MAKEUP AND QUANTITY OF THE NATION'S MONEY SUPPLY
INFLATION PRICES INCREASE AS MORE MONEY IN PLACED IN CIRCULATION; VALUE OF EACH DOLLAR DROPS
DEFLATION PRICES DECREASE AS LESS MONEY IS IN CIRCULATION
GOLD STANDARD CURRENCY AND COIN IS BACKED BY GOLD
GOLDBUGS THOSE WHO WANTED TO KEEP THE GOLD STANDARD
SILVERITES THOSE WHO WANTED BOTH GOLD AND SILVER TO BE USED AS THE STANDARD
POPULISM THE MOVEMENT TO INCREASE FARMERS' POLITICAL POWER AND WORK FOR LEGISLATION (LAWS) THAT SUPPORTED THE FARMERS' INTERESTS
POPULISTS FARMERS (POOR) WHO WANTED SILVER AS A MONETARY STANDARD
WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN FIRST TRUE LEADER OF THE POPULIST PARTY; "CROSS OF GOLD SPEECH"
16TH AMENDMENT PROGRESSIVE INCOME TAX
17TH AMENDMENT DIRECT ELECTION OF SENATORS
Created by: dotsspots