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Cell to Organism

Terms and definitions

TermDefinition
Cell cycle a cycle of growth development and division that most cells in an organism go through
Interphase the period during the cell cycle of a cells growth
Sister chromatid two identical chromosomes that make up a duplicated chromosomes
Centromere the point on a chromosome by which it is attached to a spindle fiber during cell division.
Mitosis a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus, typical of ordinary tissue growth.
Cytokinesis the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or meiosis, bringing about the separation into two daughter cells.
Daughter cell a cell formed by the division or budding of another cell; "anthrax grows by dividing into two daughter cells that are generally identical"
cell differation In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is the process by which a less specialized cell becomes a more specialized cell type.
stem cell an undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of the same type, and from which certain other kinds of cell arise by differentiation.
tissue any of the distinct types of material of which animals or plants are made, consisting of specialized cells and their products.
organ a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and has a specific vital function, such as the heart or liver in humans.
organ system In biology, a biological system is a group of organs that work together to perform a certain task. Common systems, such as those present in mammals and other animals, seen in human anatomy, are those such as the circulatory system, the respiratory system,
Created by: Deatheater123
 

 



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